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Table 1 Admission characteristics of study patients (values are mean ± SD or numbers)

From: Efficacy of partially hydrolyzed guar gum (PHGG) supplemented modified oral rehydration solution in the treatment of severely malnourished children with watery diarrhoea: a randomised double-blind controlled trial

Variables Modified WHO -ORS (n = 63) Modified WHO-ORS + PHGG (n = 63)
Age (month) 18. 3 ± 11. 26 17. 8 ± 10
Gender (male/female) 32/31 35/27
Admission Weight (kg) 6.0 ± 1.33 5.84 ± 1.13
Weight for age percent median 54. 9 ± 6.7 54.9 ± 5.38
Weight for length percent median 70.9 ± 5.3 70.8 ± 5.6
Weight for age Z score −4.38 ± .68 −4.31 ± 0.63
Weight for length Z score −3.14 ± 1.88 −2.76 ± 2.46
Presence of bi-pedal edema 46/63 (73%) 49/63(78%)
Serum Albumin (g/L) 39.7 ± 5.57 39.3 ± 6.12
Serum sodium (mmol/L) 140 ± 6.7 140 ± 5.8
Serum potassium (mmol/L) 3.54 ± 1.0 3.6 ± 1.0
Serum chloride (mmol/L) 105 ± 8.0 106 ± 7.0
SerumTCO2 (mmol/L) 16.4 ± 4.2 15.8 ± 3.6
Duration of diarrhoea before admission (hours) 39 ± 18.2 40.0 ± 15.68
Number of stool in last 24 hours. 14.36 ± 6.00 14.02 ± 6.09
Duration of vomiting before adm. (hours) 35.9 ± 18.10 38.6 ± 16.2
No. of vomit in last 24 hrs 7.7 ± 4.1 7.4 ± 3.4
Dehydration status on admission (Some/ Severe) 57/6 55/8
Breastfed prior to illness 43/63 (69%) 48/63(76%)
Stool pathogens   
Vibrio cholera 3/63 4/63
Rota virus 4/63 5/63
None identified* 56/63 54/63
  1. *Stool tests to identify diarrhoeagenic Escherichia coli were not performed.