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Table 2 Comparison of outcome variables between two treatment groups

From: Efficacy of partially hydrolyzed guar gum (PHGG) supplemented modified oral rehydration solution in the treatment of severely malnourished children with watery diarrhoea: a randomised double-blind controlled trial

Variables Modified WHO-ORS (n = 63) Modified WHO-ORS + PHGG (n = 63) Mean difference (95% CI) p-value
Duration of diarrhoea (hours) after admission 75 ± 39 57 ± 31 −18(−30, −4) 0.01
Number of children stopped diarrhoea within 72 hours 19/63(30%) 29/63(46%) 0.66(0.41 to 1.04)* 0.06
Time required to attain 80% of the median weight for length (days) 5.7 ± 2.8 4.5 ± 2.6 −1.2 (−2.27, −0.14) 0.027
Number of children with ORS failure/Requirement of unscheduled IV therapy 3/63 (5%) 4/63 (6.34%) 0.75(0.17 to 3.22)* 0.69
  1. *Relative Risk (RR) (95% confidence interval).
  2. Values are mean ± SD or numbers (%).