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Table 1 Selected maternal and newborn characteristics 1 at enrollment by MAL-ED study site (n = 2053)

From: Early interruption of exclusive breastfeeding: results from the eight-country MAL-ED study

MAL-ED study sites 2 BGD INV NEB PKN BRF PEL SAV TZH
N 256 242 238 269 231 293 268 256
Male child (%) 49.6 43.8 53.8 48.3 51.5 52.9 48.5 49.6
Age (d) 3 (0, 9) 10 [3,16] 12 [5,16] 11 [2,16] 9 [3,16] 4 [2,14] 8 [2,16] 7 [3,16]
Weight (g) 2,760 (400) 2,920 (460) 3,150 (460) 2,890 (490) 3,430 (510) 3,090 (460) 3,290 (480) 3,370 (470)
Maternal age (y) 24.9 (5.1) 24.1 (3.8) 26.5 (3.7) 27.6 (6.0) 24.8 (5.5) 24.2 (6.1) 26.4 (6.9) 28.5 (6.7)
Parity (%)         
  1 40.6 33.7 44.1 23.0 32.0 39.3 39.1 12.5
  2 – 4 57.0 61.3 54.6 50.2 58.9 47.4 53.3 46.5
  >4 2.4 5.0 1.3 26.8 9.1 13.3 7.6 41.0
Cesarean delivery (%)3 21.5 9.8 18.9 14.5 55.7 8.9 8.8 --
Maternal education (y)         
  0 - 5 64.1 37.6 25.6 81.8 8.2 21.8 1.5 37.5
  6 – 10 34.8 47.1 52.1 12.3 36.8 57.7 47.8 62.5
  11 – 15 1.2 15.3 22.3 5.9 55.0 21.5 50.7 0.0
  1. 1Presented are mean (SD) or %, except for age at enrollment for which median (5th, 95th percentiles) are shown.
  2. 2Abbreviations: BGD Dhaka, Bangladesh; BRF Fortaleza, Brazil; INV Vellore, India; NEB Bhaktapur, Nepal; PKN Naushero Feroze, Pakistan; PEL Loreto, Peru; SAV Venda, South Africa; TZH Haydom, Tanzania.
  3. 3Data not available for 18 participants in INV, 39 in BRF and 63 in SAV. No data available for TZH.