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Table 4 Factors associated with complementary feeding practices of HIV Positive mothers from 24 hour dietary diversity and meal frequency their infants, Sidama Zone, South Ethiopia, 2012

From: Complementary feeding practices and associated factors among HIV positive mothers in Southern Ethiopia

Variables Mean 24 hr DDS & Mean 24 hr meal frequency
Place of residenceα Urban 3.05 2.57
Rural 2.06 1.98
P value 0.007 0.061
ART status of the motherα Pre ART 2.29 2.12
On ART 2.99 2.54
P value 0.048 0.168
Sero status disclosure of motherα Yes 2.79 2.43
No 2.65 2.28
P value 0.086 0.72
Stigma and discriminationα Yes 2.94 2.07
No 2.75 2.44
P value 0.74 0.47
Presence food prohibited for infantsα Yes 2.12 2.15
No 4.09 2.96
P value <0.001 0.008
When do you know your sero status* Before pregnancy 2.82 2.72
During pregnancy 2.52 1.91
During birth 1.75 1
After birth 3.50 2.90
P value 0.25 0.014
ANCα Yes 2.96 2.55
No 1.79 1.69
P value 0.315 0.075
Place of deliveryα Health institution 2.96 2.47
Home 2.37 230
P value 0.102 0.39
Ag e of the infant* 6-8 months 1.87 1.43
9-11 months 2.98 2.85
12-17 months 3.44 3.10
P value <0.001 <0.001
Birth order* 1 3.13 2.53
2-3 2.73 2.47
≥4 2.26 2.00
P value 0.017 0.097
Monthly income (ETB)*$ ≤500 2.83 2.83
501-1000 2 1.59
≥1001 4.10 3.25
P value <0.001 0.003
Number of under-five childrenα ≤3 2.87 2.53
>3 1.85 1.65
P value 0.023 0.14
Family size* ≤3 3.38 2.62
4-5 2.70 2.46
≥6 2.04 1.86
P value 0.033 0.211
  1. α independent t-test, *one way analysis of variance, & DDS Dietary Diversity Score, $(Exchange rate 1 USD = 17.87 Ethiopian Birr (ETB)).