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Table 3 Predictors of adequate diet diversity (DDS ≥ 4) among children 6-23 months 1

From: Distribution and determinants of young child feeding practices in the East African region: demographic health survey data analysis from 2008-2011

  Kenya Uganda Tanzania All countries
  aOR 95% CI aOR 95% CI aOR 95% CI aOR 95% CI
Age category, (ref., 6 - 8 mo)         
9 - 11 mo 2.57* 1.47, 4.49 3.99* 1.81, 8.77 2.25* 1.40, 3.62 2.61* 1.87, 3.65
12 - 17 mo 2.65* 1.67, 4.19 2.74* 1.31, 5.73 2.64* 1.75, 3.98 2.75* 2.07, 3.63
18 - 24 mo 4.00* 2.24, 7.15 3.45* 1.63, 7.30 3.19* 2.06, 4.94 3.61* 2.63, 4.96
Birth order 0.95 0.87, 1.02 _ _ 0.99 0.94, 1.04 0.99 0.95, 1.02
Breast-feeding, (ref., no) 0.95 0.66, 1.38 0.38* 0.22, 0.65 0.92 0.66, 1.38 0.85 0.67, 1.07
Cough, (ref., no) _ _ _ _ 1.26 0.98, 1.62 _ _
Education (ref., preschool/none)         
Primary school 1.59 0.84, 3.00 1.59 0.76, 3.31 1.08 0.77, 1.52 1.22 0.92, 1.62
At least secondary school 1.81 0.90, 3.66 2.10 0.87, 5.08 1.33 0.77, 2.30 1.54* 1.10, 2.18
Working mother (ref., no) 1.47* 1.03, 2.12 _ _ _ _ _ _
Wealth Index (ref., first quintile)         
Second quintile 1.72* 1.07, 2.75 0.64 0.32, 1.25 1.34 0.94, 1.91 1.37* 1.06, 1.76
Third quintile 1.64 0.98, 2.75 1.13 0.62, 2.05 2.02* 1.40, 2.91 1.81* 1.38, 2.37
Fourth quintile 2.43* 1.46, 4.01 1.44 0.72, 2.89 2.47* 1.61, 3.78 2.38* 1.78, 3.18
Fifth quintile 1.89* 1.05, 3.42 3.05* 1.37, 6.83 4.24* 2.58, 6.95 3.27* 2.28, 4.67
Household size (mean) 0.98 0.92, 1.04 _ _ _ _ 0.99 0.95, 1.03
Rural residence (ref., urban) 0.57 0.31, 1.04 1.04 0.51, 2.11 1.10 0.77, 1.56 0.88 0.65, 1.19
At least 4 PNC visits (ref., no) 2.05* 1.48, 2.85 _ _ 1.06 0.85, 1.31 1.25* 1.05, 1.50
Immunized (ref., no) 0.96 0.69, 1.32 1.21 0.79, 1.85 0.98 0.78, 1.23 1.01 0.85, 1.20
Received vitamin A (ref., no) _ _ _ _ 1.43* 1.11, 1.84 1.12 0.92, 1.35
Modern contraceptives (ref., no) 1.31 0.92, 1.86 _ _ 1.40* 1.10, 1.79 1.35* 1.12, 1.62
Min. feeding frequency (ref., no) 2.54* 1.80, 3.58 3.13* 2.06, 4.77 1.51* 1.21, 1.89 1.98* 1.67, 2.34
  1. aOR: adjusted odds ratio; SE: standard error; mo: month; min: minimum; PNC: prenatal care.
  2. *aOR estimates were statistically significant (p < 0.05), OR values computed for one additional household member.