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Table 3 Plasma arachidonic acid (AA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) levels (in mol%) and n-6:n-3 ratio in VLBW infants according to selected neonatal morbidities (n = 480)

From: Plasma arachidonic and docosahexaenoic acids in Tunisian very low birth weight infants: status and association with selected neonatal morbidities

    AA (mol%) DHA (mol%) n-6:n-3 ratio
Small for gestational age No 338 9.46 (2.10) 2.61 (0.87) 5.53 (1.20)
Yes 142 9.48 (2.30) 2.60 (0.99) 5.60 (1.38)
Respiratory distress syndrome No 246 9.71 (2.19) 2.74 (0.95) 5.66 (1.21)
Yes 234 9.22 (2.09)** 2.47 (0.91)***,**** 5.44 (1.28)*
Sepsis No 262 9.60 (2.13) 2.69 (0.94) 5.52 (1.31)
Yes 218 9.32 (2.18) 2.51 (0.85)* 5.59 (1.20)
Intraventricular hemorrhage No 394 9.55 (2.11) 2.62 (0.93) 5.62 (1.27)
Yes 86 9.01 (2.20)* 2.56 (0.82) 5.27 (1.22)*,****
  1. Values are expressed as mean (SD); *, p < 0.05; **, p <0.01; ***, p < 0.001 (univariate analysis); ****, p < 0.05 (multivariate analysis, adjusting for gestational age, birthweight, twin pregnancy, preeclampsia and gestational diabetes)