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Table 2 Comparison of mean intakes of men and women with the WHO Population nutrient intake goals for prevention of death and disability from NCDs [13]

From: Dietary quality and patterns and non-communicable disease risk of an Indian community in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

Food/nutrient Goal Mean reported intakes
Men Women
N = 111 N = 139
Total fat %E 15–30 35.1 37.1
SAT FAT %E <10 10.0 9.4
PUFAs %E 6–10 12.4 11.2
n-6 PUFAs %E 5–8 11.7 10.3
n-3 PUFAs %E 1–2 0.25 0.23
Trans fatty acids %E <1 0.96 0.86
MUFAs %E By differencea 9.6 8.9
Total carbohydrate %E 55–75 49.9 47.0
Free sugars %E <10 12.5 12.5
Protein %E 10–15 12.8 12.0
Cholesterol mg/day <300 204.7 184.3
Sodium mg/day <2000 1899 1739
Fruit and vegetables g/day ≥400 221.9 236.9
Dietary fibre g/day >25 18.8 18.1
  1. %E percentage of energy intake, SAT FAT saturated fatty acids, PUFAs polyunsaturated fatty acids, MUFAs monounsaturated fatty acids
  2. aCalculated as total fat - (saturated fatty acids + polyunsaturated fatty acids + trans fatty acids)