Skip to main content

Table 4 Care-Seeking Behavior by Sex of the Newborn According to Cause-Specific Referral

From: Sex differences in morbidity and care-seeking during the neonatal period in rural southern Nepal

Reason for Referral % Referred (n) % Who Sought Care, Given Referral OR1 95 % CI
(N = 18,638)
Referral – Any Reason 60.7 % (11,304) 47.0 % 1.77 1.64 – 1.91
 Boys 60.3 % (5815) 53.8 %
 Girls 61.1 % (5489) 39.7 %
Unconscious 0.1 % (19) 79.0 % 1.50 0.15 – 14.99
 Boys 0.1 % (11) 81.8 %
 Girls 0.1 % (8) 75.0 %
Fever 1.9 % (356) 68.8 % 2.08 1.30 – 3.34
 Boys 1.9 % (179) 76.5 %
 Girls 2.0 % (177) 61.0 %
Pneumonia 1.4 % (255) 72.9 % 1.74 1.01 – 2.97
 Boys 1.5 % (140) 77.9 %
 Girls 1.3 % (115) 67.0 %
Convulsions/Stiffness 2.8 % (512) 65.8 % 1.36 0.94 – 1.95
 Boys 3.1 % (300) 68.7 %
 Girls 2.4 % (212) 61.8 %
Yellow Body/Eyes 3.0 % (556) 78.1 % 1.43 0.97 – 2.10
 Boys 3.8 % (364) 80.2 %
 Girls 2.1 % (192) 74.0 %
Watery Stool 8.9 % (1666) 49.2 % 1.34 1.12 – 1.61
 Boys 9.3 % (899) 52.6 %
 Girls 8.5 % (767) 45.2 %
Blood in Stool 0.5 % (91) 51.7 % 1.50 0.65 – 3.41
 Boys 0.5 % (44) 56.8 %
 Girls 0.5 % (47) 46.8 %
Hypothermia 22.2 % (4143) 41.4 % 1.78 1.57 – 2.02
 Boys 19.8 % (1915) 48.9 %
 Girls 24.8 % (2228) 35.0 %
Severe Skin Infection 15.2 % (2832) 52.5 % 1.51 1.31 – 1.75
 Boys 16.1 % (1557) 57.2 %
 Girls 14.2 % (1275) 46.9 %
Cord Infection – Level 1 15.1 % (2822) 45.8 % 1.72 1.48 – 2.01
 Boys 14.4 % (1393) 52.6 %
 Girls 15.9 % (1429) 39.2 %
Cord Infection – Level 2 15.5 % (2889) 48.2 % 1.65 1.44 – 1.90
 Boys 15.7 % (1512) 54.1 %
 Girls 15.3 % (1377) 41.6 %
Any Two 11.2 % (2080) 64.6 % 2.00 1.66 – 2.41
 Boys 11.6 % (1118) 71.9 %
 Girls 10.7 % (962) 56.1 %
  1. 1Odds ratios compare boys to girls, with girls as the reference, among those for whom care was sought