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Table 1 Descriptive statistics for women from Gujarat and Tamil Nadu

From: Predictors of maternal health services utilization by poor, rural women: a comparative study in Indian States of Gujarat and Tamil Nadu

Independent variables Gujart (n = 1584) weighted % Tamil Nadu (n = 601) weighted % p-Value
Financial assistance from JSY or CY 08.8 % 28.3 % 0.00**
Availability of PHC providing 24/7 services 58.3 % 73.5 % 0.00**
Access to a health facility by an all-weather road 80.0 % 96.8 % 0.00**
Woman’s education
Uneducated 71.3 % 31.8 % 0.00**
Less than 5 years 9.9 % 10.1 %
5-9 years 16.5 % 44.7 %
10 or more years 02.4 % 13.4 %
Husband’s education
Uneducated 40.1 % 28.0 % 0.00**
Less than 5 years 12.9 % 10.6 %
5-9 years 32.9 % 46.3 %
10 or more years 14.1 % 15.1 %
Woman’s age at first birth
Mean 19.5 yrs 21.0 yrs 0.00**
Minimum 10.0 yrs 14.0 yrs
Maximum 35.0 yrs 37.0 yrs
Parity
Primipara 22.1 % 36.4 % 0.00**
Multipara 42.1 % 52.6 %
Grand multipara 35.8 % 11.0 %
Control variables    
Religion
Hindu 95.8 % 96.4 % 0.51
Non-Hindu 04.2 % 03.6 %
Caste
Scheduled caste 53.8 % 95.4 % 0.00**
Non-scheduled caste 46.2 % 04.6 %
Outcome variables    
Receipt of adequate antenatal carea 7.5 % 24.4 % 0.00**
Institutional delivery 30.9 % 85.3 % 0.00**
Percentage of private facility deliveries 52.0 % 19.0 % 0.00**
Percentage of public facility deliveries 48.0 % 81.0 %  
Cesarean section delivery 03.6 % 14.8 % 0.00**
  1. **p < 0.01
  2. aAntenatal care data were missing for 50 Gujarati women and 3 Tamil women