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Table 2 Adjusted odds ratios and confidence intervals for use of maternal health services by Gujarati women and Tamil womena

From: Predictors of maternal health services utilization by poor, rural women: a comparative study in Indian States of Gujarat and Tamil Nadu

Predictors Adequate antenatal care Institutional delivery Cesarean section
Gujarat Tamil Nadu Gujarat Tamil Nadu Gujarat (n=1584) Tamil Nadu
(n=1534) (n=598) (n=1584) (n=601)   (n=601)
AOR 95 % CI AOR 95 % CI AOR 95 % CI AOR 95 % CI AOR 95 % CI AOR 95 % CI
Financial assistance from JSY or CY 0.83 0.42-1.63 0.92 0.61-1.39 3.93*** 2.68-5.77 1.60 0.87-2.93 1.11 0.48-2.54 1.66* 1.01-2.70
Availability of PHC providing 24/7 services 0.70 0.44-1.11 0.90 0.59-1.38 1.04 0.83-1.31 1.04 0.62-1.75 1.16 0.93-2.34 1.59 0.90-2.81
Access to a health facility by an all-weather road 1.02 0.49-2.11 NAb NA 1.42* 1.06-1.90 3.42* 1.24-9.47 0.71 0.38-1.34 0.44 0.14-1.31
Woman’s education
Uneducated Ref   Ref   Ref   Ref   Ref   Ref  
Less than 5 years 1.25 0.63-2.50 0.93 0.47-1.84 0.85 0.58-1.25 1.18 0.43-1.67 0.80 0.30-2.11 2.44* 1.05-5.66
5-9 years 1.32 0.74-2.34 1.12 0.70-1.78 1.01 0.74-1.38 2.34*** 1.32-4.15 0.99 0.48-2.02 1.57 0.78-3.18
10 or more years 2.78* 1.08-7.14 1.09 0.56-2.10 0.85 0.43-1.69 2.97* 1.08-8.21 0.86 0.17-4.45 1.99 0.83-4.79
Husband’s education
Uneducated Ref   Ref   Ref   Ref   Ref   Ref  
Less than 5 years 1.87 0.99-3.54 1.36 0.71-2.62 0.72 0.50-1.06 1.15 0.49-2.72 0.67 0.22-2.01 0.83 0.31-2.22
5-9 years 0.94 0.53-1.68 1.01 0.62-1.64 0.99 0.76-1.30 1.17 0.64-2.13 1.20 0.62-2.32 0.93 0.49-1.79
10 or more years 1.72 0.91-3.26 0.97 0.51-1.86 1.44* 1.03-2.02 1.07 0.45-2.55 1.69 0.77-3.71 1.85 0.84-4.10
Age at first birth 1.07 0.99-1.16 1.04 0.98-1.09 1.05* 1.01-1.09 1.08† 1.00-1.17 0.94 0.83-1.06 1.08* 1.01-1.16
Parity
Primipara Ref   Ref   Ref   Ref   Ref   Ref  
Multipara 1.18 0.69-2.01 0.79 0.53-1.18 0.54*** 0.41-0.72 0.65 0.51-1.10 0.44*** 0.24-0.81 0.58* 0.36-0.96
Grand multipara 0.70 0.37-1.33 0.77 0.39-1.54 0.54*** 0.40-0.72 0.43* 0.19-0.97 0.23*** 0.10-0.51 0.18* 0.04-0.80
  1. *p < 0.05, **p < .01, ***p < 0.001
  2. aAll analyses controlled for religion and caste
  3. bNA. Variable removed from the model due to multicollinearity