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Table 2 Odds ratios from ordinal logistic regressions predicting Ethiopian children’s immunization statusae

From: "Girl Power!": The Relationship between Women's Autonomy and Children's Immunization Coverage in Ethiopia

  Partially immunized (vs. no vaccines) Fully immunized (vs. no vaccines)
  Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 1 Model 2 Model 3
Autonomy index 1.16* 1.13**** 1.16** 1.36** 1.29** 1.32**
  (1.00, 1.35) (0.98, 1.31) (1.00, 1.33) (1.13, 1.63) (1.07, 1.56) (1.10, 1.590)
Delivered at home   0.91 1.04   0.61 0.80
   (0.33, 2.53) (0.39, 2.81)   (0.20, 1.88) (0.27, 2.35)
Antenatal care   2.62*** 2.45***   5.68*** 4.95***
   (1.57, 4.38) (1.46, 4.11)   (3.30, 9.79) (2.89, 8.50)
Mothers’ educationb       
 Primary school    1.76*    2.32**
    (1.09, 2.86)    (1.64, 4.01)
 Secondary school and higher    2.31    3.72
    (0.44, 12.17)    (0.76, 18.20)
Fathers’ educationb       
 Primary school    1.17    0.96
    (0.75, 1.82)    (0.58, 1.58)
 Secondary school    0.98    0.73
    (0.34, 2.77)    (0.22, 2.36)
 Higher    1.08    0.89
    (0.34, 3.39)    (0.25, 3.13)
Occupationc       
 Manual    0.43*    0.43****
    (0.20, 0.95)    (0.16, 1.13)
 Agriculture    1.28    1.57
    (0.82, 2.01)    (0.91, 2.73)
 Professional    1.09    1.04
    (0.67, 1.76)    (0.61, 1.80)
Wealth indexd       
 Poorer    0.69    1.00
    (0.42, 1.13)    (0.53, 1.88)
 Middle    0.65****    0.75
    (0.40–1.04)    (0.41, 1.36)
 Richer    0.5*    0.99
    (0.32, 0.95)    (0.50, 1.94)
 Richest    1.09    2.95****
    (0.341, 2.90)    (0.98, 8.81)
Constant 3.18 1.97 0.92 3.36 1.48 0.37
  (0.51, 19.72) (0.32, 12.06) (0.172, 4.92) (0.46, 24.85) (0.21, 10.63) (0.06, 2.28)
Observations 2941 2941 2941 2941 2941 2941
  1. *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001; ****p < 0.10
  2. aEach model controls for women’s religion, mother’s age in years, polygamous marriage, age at first marriage, child’s age, child sex, number of children under 5 years of age in the household, region, and urban/rural residential location
  3. bReference category is no education
  4. cReference category is no occupation
  5. dReference category is poorest
  6. eConfidence interval in parentheses
  7. Source: 2011 Ethiopia Demographic and Health Surveys