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Table 1 Characteristics of pregnant women in control and intervention groups

From: Effect of lifestyle interventions of pregnant women on their dietary habits, lifestyle behaviors, and weight gain: a randomized controlled trial

Variables Control Intervention p valuea
Age (years) 24.28 ± 4.15 24.31 ± 4.22 0.989
Education mean (years) 6.6 ± 2.8 7.6 ± 3.2 0.213
Prepregnancy BMI (kg/m2) 22.82 ± 3.93 23.86 ± 4.10 0.285
Gestational age at recruitment (weeks) 6.64 ± 2.66 7.95 ± 2.85 0.160
Working status [n (%)] 2 (4.4) 7 (15.6) 0.079
Income [n (%)]    
ᅟLow 11 (24.4) 15 (33.3) 0.220
ᅟMiddle 34 (75.6) 30 (66.7)  
ᅟHigh  
Intended pregnancy [n (%)] 40 (89.9) 38 (84.4) 0.589
Gravidity [n (%)]    
ᅟ1 25 (55.6) 29 (64.4) 0.486
ᅟ2 20 (44.4) 16 (35.6)  
  1. Continuous values are expressed as mean ± standard deviation. Control, n = 51; intervention, n = 51
  2. BMI body mass index
  3. aThere were no significant differences between groups, p > 0.05