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Table 2 Mineral content in diets in analysed group of healthy women aged >55, in comparison with recommendations, accompanied by comparison of satisfying nutritional needs between BMI groups, RAC-OST-POL study, May 2010

From: Assessment of mineral intake in the diets of Polish postmenopausal women in relation to their BMI—the RAC-OST-POL study

Group Number % of group Na K Ca P Mg Fe Zn Cu
Total 405 Below AI/EAR 39.3 96.3 92.1 4.7 61.2 6.2 28.1 10.6
405 Above AI/EAR 60.7 3.7 7.9 95.3 38.8 93.8 71.9 89.4
BMIϵ <18.5; 25.0 kg/m2 61 Below AI/EAR 41.0 95.1 90.2 1.6 50.8 9.8 23.0 8.2
61 Above AI/EAR 59.0 4.9 9.8 98.4 49.2 90.2 77.0 91.8
BMIϵ <25.0; 30.0 kg/m2 140 Below AI/EAR 42.1 99.3 92.9 7.1 65.7 3.6 26.4 8.6
140 Above AI/EAR 57.9 0.7 7.1 92.9 34.3 96.4 73.6 91.4
BMIϵ <30.0; 35.0 kg/m2 118 below AI/EAR 35.6 93.2 92.4 3.4 56.8 5.1 28.0 11.0
118 Above AI/EAR 64.4 6.8 7.6 96.6 43.2 94.9 72.0 89.0
BMI ≥ 35.0 kg/m2 86 Below AI/EAR 38.4 96.5 91.9 4.7 67.4 9.3 34.9 15.1
86 Above AI/EAR 61.6 3.5 8.1 95.3 32.6 90.7 65.1 84.9
p a p a p a 0.7392 0.0751 0.9311 0.3080 0.0956 0.1915 0.3993 0.4156
  1. Na sodium, K potassium, Ca calcium, P phosphorus, Mg magnesium, Fe iron, Zn zinc, Cu copper, AI Adequate Intake level (established for sodium and potassium), EAR Estimated Average Requirement level (established for calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, iron, zinc and copper)
  2. aDifferences assessed by the chi-square test