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Table 2 Distribution of respondents by selected background variables and compliance with recommended (90 days or more) dose of iron supplements to prevent anemia during pregnancy

From: Factors associated with compliance to recommended micronutrients uptake for prevention of anemia during pregnancy in urban, peri-urban, and rural communities in Southeast Nigeria

Background variables Categories Number % up take for 90 days+ Chi-square
p values
Locality Urban 336 59.8 12.749
Peri-urban 328 51.5 0.002
Rural 287 45.6  
Distance from health facility Far 454 44.3 24.638
Near 497 60.4 <0.001
Tribe Igbo 928 52.7 0.002
Non-Igbo 23 52.2 0.563
Religious affiliation Catholic 565 52.4 2.779
Protestant 204 51.5 0.595
Pentecostal 177 55.4  
Islam 4 25  
Traditionalist 1 100  
Marital status Married 937 52.9 6.111
Widowed 2 100 0.106
Divorced 2 0.0  
Single 10 30.0  
Level of schooling Primary 72 41.7 7.600
Secondary 587 51.4 0.022
Post-secondary 286 58.4  
Employed Yes 697 53.5 0.728
No 254 50.4 0.218
Employment type Domestic aid 8 12.5 21.002
Petty trading 204 47.5 0.002
Business 334 53.0  
Teaching 52 59.6  
Health worker 38 55.3  
Civil servant 43 74.4  
Other 18 77.8  
Age group 15–19 32 37.5 12.653
20–24 192 47.4 0.049
25–29 331 49.8  
30–24 265 58.5  
35–39 100 58.0  
40–44 25 64.0  
45+ 6 66.7  
Number of pregnancies Once 235 48.9 7.461
2–3 times 429 51.0 0.059
4–5 times 198 61.1  
6 times and above 89 51.7  
Knowledge of anemia in pregnancy Good (≥9 points) 522 53.6 0.426
Poor (<9 points) 429 51.5 0.278
Wealth index First quintile 188 48.4 13.216
Second quintile 333 50.2 0.010
Third quintile 178 48.3  
Fourth quintile 138 63.8  
Fifth quintile 114 60.5  
Antenatal care visit Yes 939 53.1 6.324
No 12 16.7 0.012
Number of ANC visits <4 times 882 54.4 14.771
≥4 times 69 30.4 <0.001