Skip to main content

Table 1 Characteristics of the study population according to diabetic status

From: Association among dietary magnesium, serum magnesium, and diabetes: a cross-sectional study in middle-aged and older adults

  Diabetic status P
Diabetes population Non-diabetes population
Age 53.92 ± 6.74 52.06 ± 7.26 0.00
Sex (% female) 29.6 44.7 0.00
BMI (kg/m2) 26.06 ± 3.06 24.52 ± 3.21 0.00
Educational level (% with or above high school background) 49.0 48.4 0.85
Activity level (h/day) 1.91 ± 3.22 1.90 ± 3.19 0.82
Hypertension (%) 55.8 30.5 0.00
Alcohol using (%) 39.1 37.2 0.52
Smoking (%) 33.3 24.5 0.00
Nutritional supplementation (%) 29.3 33.9 0.11
Energy intake (kcal/day) 1748.72 ± 952.40 1609.35 ± 715.23 0.04
Fiber intake (g/day) 19.81 ± 20.78 18.16 ± 12.66 0.48
Mg intake (mg/day) 410.43 ± 275.10 374.56 ± 197.48 0.05
Ca intake(mg/day) 560.81 ± 551.12 494.42 ± 292.43 0.18
Zn intake (mg/day) 20.96 ± 8.26 19.71 ± 6.40 0.02
Fe intake (mg/day) 33.60 ± 29.27 30.54 ± 16.29 0.07
Serum Mg (mmol/L) 0.89 ± 0.08 0.92 ± 0.07 0.00
Serum TG (mmol/L) 2.79 ± 2.50 1.88 ± 17.71 0.00
Serum LDL (mmol/L) 2.89 ± 1.00 2.95 ± 0.93 0.49
Serum HDL (mmol/L) 1.34 ± 0.34 1.54 ± 0.38 0.00
  1. Data are mean ± standard deviation, unless otherwise indicated. P values are for the test of difference between the diabetes population and non-diabetes population
  2. BMI body mass index, Mg magnesium, Ca calcium, Zn zinc, Fe iron, TG triglyceride, HDL high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, LDL low-density lipoprotein cholesterol