Skip to main content

Table 4 Relative risk ratios showing influence on non-use of contraceptive with traditional method as base outcome

From: Factors influencing contraceptive use and non-use among women of advanced reproductive age in Nigeria

Characteristic predicting non-use of contraceptive Model 1 (demographic) LR χ 2 (22) = 2283.0; p < 0.001 Model 2 (socio-economic) LR χ 2 (24) = 3148.4; p < 0.001 Model 3 (socio-demographic) LR χ 2 (46) = 4285.8; p < 0.001 Model 4 (full) LR χ 2 (58) 4730.8; p < 0.001
RRR p > |z| 95% CI RRR p > |z| 95% CI RRR p > |z| 95% CI RRR p > |z| 95% CI
Maternal age
 35–39 years (ref)    
 40–44 years 1.146 0.086 0.981 to 1.340     1.105 0.236 0.937 to 1.303 1.100 0.259 0.932 to 1.230
 45–49 years 2.914 <0.001 2.380 to 3.568     2.710 <0.001 2.191 to 3.351 2.694 <0.001 2.174 to 3.340
Parity
 Low (ref)    
 Multiparity 0.324 <0.001 0.238 to 0.442     0.272 <0.001 0.197 to 0.376 0.286 <0.001 0.207 to 0.396
 Grand multiparity 0.312 <0.001 0.225 to 0.433     0.179 <0.001 0.125 to 0.255 0.193 <0.001 0.135 to 0.277
Child mortality experience
 Ever experienced (ref)    
 Never experienced 0.499 <0.001 0.427 to 0.583     0.676 <0.001 0.574 to 0.796 0.688 <0.001 0.583 to 0.811
Age at first birth
 14 years or less (ref)    
 15–19 years 0.538 <0.001 0.386 to 0.750     0.661 0.018 0.469 to 0.932 0.704 0.046 0.498 to 0.994
 20–24 years 0.277 <0.001 0.199 to 0.386     0.480 <0.001 0.340 to 0.677 0.513 <0.001 0.363 to 0.725
 25 years or older 0.188 <0.001 0.134 to 0.266     0.368 <0.001 0.257 to 0.527 0.399 <0.001 0.278 to 0.572
Fertility desire
 Wants more children (ref)    
 Want no more children 3.336 <0.001 2.820 to 3.946     2.470 <0.001 2.059 to 2.962 2.481 <0.001 2.064 to 2.982
 Undecided 1.039 0.918 0.501 to 2.153     0.604 0.199 0.280 to 1.302 0.560 0.144 0.257 to 1.219
Ideal family size
 Small (ref)    
 Large 2.456 <0.001 2.073 to 2.910     1.488 <0.001 1.236 to 1.791 1.480 <0.001 1.228 to 1.785
Maternal education
 None (ref)    
 Primary     0.579 <0.001 0.449 to 0.746 0.662 0.002 0.513 to 0.856 0.891 0.403 0.679 to 1.168
 Secondary     0.433 <0.001 0.332 to 0.565 0.516 <0.001 0.394 to 0.677 0.687 0.011 0.515 to 0.918
 Higher     0.344 <0.001 0.255 to 0.462 0.355 <0.001 0.260 to 0.485 0.475 <0.001 0.336 to 0.671
Place of residence
 Urban (ref)    
 Rural     1.332 0.001 1.129 to 1.571 1.342 0.001 1.130 to 1.593 1.333 0.001 1.121 to 1.584
Household wealth index
 Poorest (ref)    
 Poorer     0.773 0.202 0.521 to 1.148 0.845 0.410 0.567 to 1.261 1.018 0.931 0.679 to 1.527
 Middle     0.596 0.008 0.407 to 0.872 0.636 0.021 0.433 to 0.934 0.841 0.387 0.569 to 1.244
 Richer     0.534 0.002 0.361 to 0.789 0.574 0.006 0.387 to 0.853 0.763 0.188 0.511 to 1.141
 Richest     0.460 <0.001 0.305 to 0.693 0.510 0.002 0.336 to 0.776 0.695 0.096 0.453 to 1.067
Employment status
 Not working (ref)    
 Working     0.626 <0.001 0.485 to 0.808 0.632 0.001 0.487 to 0.821 0.716 0.013 0.550 to 0.932
Media exposure
 None (ref)    
 Low     0.786 0.093 0.594 to 1.041 0.757 0.056 0.569 to 1.007 0.869 0.336 0.652 to 1.157
 Moderate     0.722 0.012 0.561 to 0.931 0.710 0.009 0.549 to 0.920 0.814 0.120 0.628 to 1.055
Geographic region
 Northern (ref)    
 Southern     0.190 <0.001 0.155 to 0.232 0.195 <0.001 0.159 to 0.239 0.223 <0.001 0.181 to 0.275
Remarriage
 Married once (ref)          
 Remarried           1.355 0.014 1.064 to 1.727
Paternal education
 None (ref)          
 Primary           0.648 0.003 0.487 to 0.862
 Secondary           0.774 0.091 0.575 to 1.042
 Higher           0.787 0.154 0.566 to 1.094
Women autonomy
 No autonomy          
 Autonomy           0.844 0.082 0.697 to 1.022
  1. p value greater than 0.05 indicate not significant
  2. ref reference category