Skip to main content

Table 4 Bivariate and multivariable analysis of factors associated with treatment outcome of children in OTP, Wolaita Zone, 2014

From: Treatment outcomes of severe acute malnutrition in children treated within Outpatient Therapeutic Program (OTP) at Wolaita Zone, Southern Ethiopia: retrospective cross-sectional study

Variables (n) Categories Treatment outcome OR (95% CI) AOR (% CI)
Recovered Not recovered
Age (776) <24 months 213 118 0.95 (0.71,1.29)  
≥24 months 291 154 1  
Sex (776) Male 243 119 1.19 (0.89,1.61) 1.17 (0.85,1.62)
Female 261 153 1 1
Referral system (572) HEW 66 23 1.66 (0.99,2.77)  
Self-referred 47 21 1.29 (0.74,2.45)  
Volunteers 263 152 1  
Distance from OTP (685) ≤24 min 253 116 1.50 (1.10,2.06)* 1.53 (1.11,2.12)*
≥25 min 187 129 1 1
Type of malnutrition (776) Kwashiorkor 178 50 2.47 (1.72,3.54)** 2.62 (1.77,3.89)**
Marasmic kwashiorkor 29 16 1.25 (0.67,2.37) 1.10 (0.53,2.27)
Marasmus 297 206 1 1
Length of stay (776) ≤6 weeks 245 124 1.13 (0.84,1.52)  
>6 weeks 259 148 1  
RUTF intake (761) Adequate 364 184 1.14 (0.82,1.59)  
Not adequate 135 78 1  
Diarrhea (776) Absent 486 252 2.14 (1.11,4.12)* 2.13 (0.98,4.61)
Present 18 20 1 1
Breastfeeding (746) Yes 188 103 0.97 (0.71,1.32)  
No 297 158 1  
Amoxicilin provision (776) Yes 242 111 1.34 (0.99,1.80) 1.52 (1.09,2.11)*
No 262 161 1 1
Vitamin A intake (776) Yes 138 60 1.33 (0.94,1.88) 1.41 (0.96,2.05)
No 366 212 1 1
Date of min.wt. gain (774) ≤3 weeks 446 233 1.22 (0.78,1.89)  
>3 weeks 58 37 1  
  1. *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01