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Table 2 Results of regression analyses regarding individual happiness

From: The gender gap in relation to happiness and preferences in married couples after childbirth: evidence from a field experiment in rural Ghana

  Wife’s happiness Husband’s happiness
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Trust: absolute gap 0.71 (0.78)     −3.58 (0.04)**    
Trust: wife > husband −0.24 (0.66)     −0.58 (0.25)    
Reciprocity: absolute gap   2.27 (0.27)     0.18 (0.89)   
Reciprocity: wife > husband   0.29 (0.57)     0.75 (0.31)   
Altruism: absolute gap    3.08 (0.40)     −3.33 (0.02)**  
Altruism: wife > husband    0.18 (0.84)     −0.09 (0.85)  
Risk lovingness: absolute gap     4.83 (0.08)*     −2.12 (0.40)
Risk lovingness: wife > husband     0.44 (0.58)     0.70 (0.15)
Age −0.09 (0.04)** −0.08 (0.10)* −0.09 (0.02)** −0.07 (0.23) 0.02 (0.33) 0.04 (0.12) 0.04 (0.15) 0.04 (0.08)*
Education: nonea
 Education: primary −0.53 (0.29) −0.44 (0.36) −0.31 (0.65) −0.63 (0.29) 1.56 (0.03)** 1.45 (0.02)** 1.52 (0.02)** 1.60 (0.01)**
 Education: secondary −0.35 (0.71) −0.21 (0.81) −0.25 (0.78) −0.30 (0.75) 1.06 (0.11) 0.79 (0.16) 0.90 (0.17) 0.75 (0.28)
 Education: higher −0.44 (0.85) −0.62 (0.84) −0.17 (0.95) −0.48 (0.86) 1.70 (0.09)* 1.67 (0.11) 1.67 (0.08)* 1.39 (0.19)
Religion: Catholica
 Religion: Muslim −0.08 (0.93) 0.04 (0.96) −0.16 (0.88) 0.08 (0.94) 0.23 (0.77) −0.21 (0.78) 0.30 (0.65) −0.18 (0.79)
 Religion: Charisma 1.89 (0.03)** 1.52 (0.11) 1.47 (0.17) 1.52 (0.06)* 0.95 (0.36) 0.74 (0.52) 1.04 (0.31) 0.74 (0.58)
 Religion: traditional African −0.79 (0.32) −0.82 (0.32) −1.11 (0.13) −1.02 (0.21) 0.53 (0.65) 0.18 (0.88) 0.65 (0.50) 0.27 (0.78)
 Religion: others 0.80 (0.31) 0.87 (0.24) 0.75 (0.29) 0.73 (0.38) 0.15 (0.86) −0.23 (0.81) 0.12 (0.89) 0.06 (0.95)
 Married (years) 0.02 (0.66) 0.03 (0.44) 0.02 (0.71) 0.02 (0.71) 0.08 (0.06)* 0.07 (0.07)* 0.08 (0.08)* 0.07 (0.12)
 Number of children 0.02 (0.85) −0.02 (0.81) 0.05 (0.68) 0.03 (0.67) −0.32 (0.00)*** −0.39 (0.00)*** −0.37 (0.00)*** −0.37 (0.00)***
Asset: lowesta
 Asset: lower middle −0.33 (0.54) −0.59 (0.25) −0.46 (0.38) −0.07 (0.92) −0.22 (0.76) 0.14 (0.84) −0.09 (0.91) 0.01 (0.99)
 Asset: upper middle 1.44 (0.16) 1.11 (0.12) 1.24 (0.17) 1.48 (0.05)** 0.14 (0.79) 0.36 (0.52) 0.15 (0.78) 0.06 (0.92)
Asset: highest 0.00 (1.00) 0.10 (0.81) 0.03 (0.94) 0.23 (0.57) 0.91 (0.20) 1.14 (0.25) 0.80 (0.32) 0.94 (0.33)
  1. Estimated coefficients are adjusted proportional odds ratios (OR); p value in parenthesis
  2. *p < 0.1, **p < 0.05, ***p < 0.01
  3. aReference group