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Table 2 Environmental, clinical, and nutritional profiles of the study participants at Butajira Hospital, southern Ethiopia, 2014, (n = 323)

From: Intestinal parasitic infections and its association with undernutrition and CD4 T cell levels among HIV/AIDS patients on HAART in Butajira, Ethiopia

Variables Frequency (n) Percent (%)
Presence of animals
 No 248 76.8
 Yes 75 23.2
Presence of toilet
 No 14 4.3
 Yes 309 95.7
Source of water
 Tape 301 93.2
 River 22 6.8
Eating difficulty
 No 244 75.5
 Yes 79 24.5
  Loss of appetite 70 21.7
  Vomiting 23 7.1
  Nausea 14 4.3
  Swallowing difficulty 6 1.9
Gastrointestinal symptoms
 No 269 83.3
 Yes 54 16.7
  Diarrhea 28 8.7
  Indigestion 26 8.0
  Constipation 8 2.5
WHO clinical stage
 Stage I 196 60.7
 Stage II 58 18.0
 Stage III 62 19.2
 Stage IV 7 2.2
CD4+ T cell count (cells/μl)
 <200 53 16.4
 200–349 74 22.9
 350–500 79 24.5
 >500 117 36.2
Anemia status
 Normal 235 72.8
 Anemic 88 27.2
Current/past OI in the past 6 months
 No 189 58.5
 Yes 134 41.5
Duration of HAART
 <6 months 40 12.4
 6–12 months 48 14.9
 1–3 years 56 17.3
 >3 years 179 55.4
Drug adherence
 Good 294 91.0
 Fair 21 6.5
 Poor 8 2.5
Nutritional status
 Severe malnourished 10 3.1
 Moderate malnourished 21 6.5
 Mild malnourished 51 15.8
 Nourished 201 62.2
 Over weight and obese 40 12.4
Household food insecurity status
 Food secured 68 21.1
 Mildly food in secured 16 5.0
 Moderately food in secured 104 32.2
 Severely food in secured 135 41.8
Household dietary diversity
 Inadequate 128 39.6
 Adequate 195 60.4