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Table 4 Risk factors associated with intestinal parasites among PLWHA receiving HAART at Butajira Hospital, southern Ethiopia, 2014, (n = 323)

From: Intestinal parasitic infections and its association with undernutrition and CD4 T cell levels among HIV/AIDS patients on HAART in Butajira, Ethiopia

Predictors Intestinal parasites COR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI) P values
  Yes No    
Residence
 Urban 62 127 1  
 Rural 80 54 1.38 (0.87–2.19)
Educational status  
 Unable to read and write 55 74 4.21 (1.17–15.0)
 Able to read and write 14 25 3.17 (0.79–12.7)
 Primary education 23 63 2.06 (0.55–7.72)
 Secondary education 28 21 4.25 (1.10–16.4)
 Tertiary education 3 17 1
Income (ETB)
 <1000 107 172 2.42 (1.12–5.23)  
 ≥1000 9 35 1
Presence of animal
 Yes 51 24 5.98 (3.41–10.5) 6.14 (3.13–12.0) 0.00**
 No 65 183 1 1
Presence of toilet   
 Yes 103 206 1
 No 13 1 26 (3.3–201)
Source of water
 Tape 98 203 1 1  
 River 18 4 9.32 (3.07–28.3) 4.87 (1.14–20.7) 0.03*
WHO stages   
 Stage I 66 130 1
 Stage II 30 28 2.11 (1.16–3.82)
 Stage III 18 44 0.81 (0.43–1.50)
 Stage IV 2 5 0.78 (0.15–4.17)
CD4 T cell count 0.00**
 <200 31 22 3.74 (1.89–7.39) 4.02 (1.78–9.05)
 200–349 33 41 2.13 (1.16–3.94) 2.84 (1.37–5.89)
 350–500 20 59 0.90 (0.47–1.72) 1.01 (0.46–2.20)
 >500 32 85 1 1
Undernutrition
 Yes 44 38 2.72 (1.62–4.54) 2.59 (1.36–4.95) 0.004*
 No 72 169 1 1
  1. Stepwise (Backward LR) was used in logistic regression. Hosmer and Lemeshow test was at P = 0.31
  2. N.B α = 0.05
  3. *Significant, **Highly significant