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Table 2 Prevalence (with 95% CI) of prior BP measurement, own hypertension awareness, antihypertensive medication use and control of blood pressure (SBP <140 and DBP <90) among antihypertensive users, by different factors (weighted estimate)

From: Gender differences in hypertension awareness, antihypertensive use and blood pressure control in Bangladeshi adults: findings from a national cross-sectional survey

  Ever measured blood pressure Awareness about own high BP (from GP/nurse) Antihypertensive use among aware hypertensives (self-reported) BP control among antihypertensive users
Male Female Male Female Male Female Male Female
3869 (N) 3955 (N) 752 (N) 1260 (N) 417 (N) 840 (N) 269 (N) 562 (N)
Overall prevalence (%) 70.7 (68.7–72.7) 75.8 (73.8–77.6) 43.3 (39.5–47.3) 55.2 (51.7–58.5) 64.5 (58.2–70.2) 66.9 (62.6–70.8) 44.6 (37.9–51.6) 43.8 (39.1–48.6)
Age category
 Younger (35–55 years) 68.7 (66.2–71.1) 75.1 (72.8–77.2 36.1 (31.0–41.5) 54.9 (50.5–59.1) 56.5 (48.1–64.4) 66.3 (61.2–71.1) 43.1 (32.6–54.2) 49.7 (43.9–55.6)
 Older (56 years or more) 74.6 (71.7–77.4) 77.4 (74.4–80.1) 51.1 (45.7–56.5) 55.5 (50.5–60.4) 71.4 (63.6–78.2) 67.6 (61.1–73.4) 45.7 (36.7–55.0) 35.7 (28.9–43.0)
Area of residence
 Rural 67.7 (65.2–70.1) 72.6 (70.2–74.9) 40.4 (35.9–45.1) 53.6 (49.4–57.7) 62.0 (53.9–69.5) 63.1 (57.7–68.2) 48.7 (39.9–57.5) 42.5 (36.9–48.3)
 Urban 80.4 (77.0–83.5) 86.5 (83.3–89.2) 49.9 (42.9–56.9) 59.1 (53.1–64.8) 69.1 (59.1–77.5) 76.1 (70.3–81.2) 37.9 (27.7–49.3) 46.4 (38.2–54.9)
Educational attainment
 No education or pre-school 59.8 (56.5–62.9) 70.6 (68.0–73.1) 32.6 (26.2–39.8) 49.8 (45.3–54.4) 58.4 (N/A) 63.7 (57.8–69.2) 52.4 (39.1–65.4) 42.3 (35.6–49.1)
 Primary school (1–5 years) 71.5 (68.4–74.4) 78.7 (75.5–81.6) 43.1 (35.2–51.3) 58.0 (51.9–63.8) 61.8 (50.7–71.8) 70.7 (63.1–77.3) 29.5 (19.4–42.1) 43.1 (34.9–51.8)
 Secondary school or higher (≥6 years) 82.2 (79.7–84.5) 90.0 (86.9–92.5) 51.2 (44.8–57.6) 70.0 (63.2–76.0) 69.0 (60.8–76.1) 70.5 (62.5–77.4) 47.9 (38.2–57.7) 47.9 (38.5–57.4)
Wealth status
 Poorest/poorer 59.2 (55.9–62.4) 63.7 (60.5–66.9) 32.1 (N/A) 44.2 53.9 (N/A) 53.2 (N/A) 60.6 (N/A) 45.7 (N/A)
 Middle 70.4 (66.1–74.4) 74.6 (70.7–78.3) 35.8 (N/A) 56.7 (48.6–64.5) 57.0 (N/A) 65.5 (55.8–74.1) 49.1 (N/A) 44.3 (N/A)
 Richer/richest 82.0 (79.5–84.2) 87.2 (85.1–89.1) 51.7 (46.4–56.9) 61.3 (56.8–65.5) 70.1 (62.6–76.6) 74.1 (69.5–78.2) 39.3 (31.9–47.3) 43.0 (36.9–49.3)
Working status
 Currently working 69.3 (67.0–71.4) 66.9 (61.9–71.6) 41.5 (36.9–46.3) 53.7 (43.4–63.7) 60.4 (53.2–67.3) 71.6 (57.2–82.7) 46.7 (38.6–54.9) 50.3 (32.6–67.9)
 Not working 79.6 (75.6–83.1) 76.9 (74.9–78.8) 48.6 (41.3–56.0) 55.3 (51.7–58.8) 75.8 (65.5–83.9) 66.5 (62.0–70.7) 40.1 (28.1–53.3) 43.2 (38.4–48.1)
Marital status
 Currently married 70.5 (68.4–72.5) 75.6 (73.3–77.7) 43.1 (39.2–47.1) 56.5 (52.5–60.5) 63.9 (57.6–69.8) 65.8 (61.1–70.3) 43.7 (36.8–50.9) 48.2 (42.7–53.7)
 Others 79.3 (69.9–86.4) 76.4 (73.4–79.1) 48.1 (N/A) 52.9 (47.5–58.2) 77.8 (N/A) 68.8 (62.5–74.5) 62.3 (N/A) 35.8 (28.7–43.6)
Nutritional status (BMI)
 Normal (18.5–24.9) 72.4 (70.0–74.7) 76.8 (74.4–79.0) 42.7 (37.8–47.7) 52.9 (48.5–57.2) 64.1 (56.3–71.2) 65.2 (59.5–70.4) 37.6 (29.7–46.2) 51.1 (44.6–57.7)
 Thin (<18.5) 61.6 (57.8–65.2) 65.5 (62.2–68.8) 32.9 (N/A) 45.2 (37.8–52.9) 56.5 (N/A) 53.5 (43.1–63.7) 51.5 (N/A) 27.6 (17.2–41.2)
 Overweight/obese (≥25.0) 89.5 (85.5–92.5) 91.0 (88.5–93.1) 59.1 (49.3–68.1) 67.7 (61.8–73.1) 72.2 (60.5–81.6) 77.1 (71.6–81.8) 55.1 (41.5–68.0) 43.0 (N/A)
Region of residence
 Dhaka (central) 75.1 (70.9–78.8) 81.0 (76.9–84.4) 43.1 (35.3–51.4) 55.2 (47.7–62.5) 67.0 (52.7–78.7) 66.8 (58.0–74.6) 44.0 (30.2–58.8) 42.5 (32.2–53.4)
 Chittagong (south-east) 66.4 (60.2–72.1) 72.4 (66.8–77.3) 57.0 (45.6–67.6) 66.2 (57.8–73.7) 62.6 (48.4–74.9) 64.3 (53.2–74.0) 51.3 (36.5–65.9) 57.9 (48.4–67.0)
 Sylhet (east) 67.3 (60.4–73.5) 69.3 (63.2–74.8) 60.4 (46.4–72.9) 65.0 (53.6–74.9) 71.6 (53.4–84.7) 79.1 (65.4–88.3) 32.9 (22.0–45.9) 48.3 (37.3–59.6)
 Barisal (south) 66.6 (60.2–72.4) 70.7 (65.2–75.6) 52.1 (38.6–65.2) 55.6 (46.5–64.3) 66.8 (51.3–79.4) 74.2 (63.1–82.8) 61.5 (43.0–77.2) 28.5 (21.1–37.3)
 Khulna (west) 80.7 (76.2–84.5) 86.9 (83.3–89.8) 34.5 (26.9–43.0) 51.8 (44.5–59.0) 59.0 (43.4–73.0) 58.7 (48.9–67.8) 36.8 (21.4–55.6) 34.5 (25.0–45.4)
 Rajshahi (mid-west) 63.5 (58.2–68.6) 68.8 (62.9–74.1) 45.0 (34.3–56.2) 59.6 (51.9–66.8) 63.3 (47.0–77.1) 74.1 (64.0–82.2) 45.9 (27.3–65.7) 48.5 (37.0–60.2)
 Rangpur (north-west) 66.3 (61.0–71.2) 68.7 (63.4–73.6) 30.7 (23.1–39.6) 36.3 (28.5–45.0) 62.2 (45.8–76.3) 60.0 (46.8–71.9) 37.2 (19.7–58.8) 26.8 (15.3–42.5)
  1. N/A stratum with single sampling unit