• Low prevalence of treatment and high prevalence of uncontrolled hypertension in Bangladesh
• Women who are hypertensive were more likely to receive treatment and more likely to have their BP controlled.
• Residents in western or north-western part of Bangladesh were more likely to have uncontrolled hypertension
• Sex-disaggregated analysis and reporting are important in recognizing existing inequity and unmet needs in hypertension management
• Higher blood pressure check-up and hypertension awareness among Bangladeshi women did not translate into better antihypertensive medication practice compared to men.
• Inequality in treatment affordability for expensive antihypertensive medications, especially for females not involved in any income generation or in the poorest/poorer wealth quintiles.
• Bangladesh and other developing countries should design appropriate gender-specific public health intervention to promote hypertension awareness and treatment
• Poor BP control in western and north-west geographical regions requires further scientific exploration