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Table 5 Demographic characteristics, morbidity, and care-seeking of under-five children expressed in percentage in 2009 and 2012 with zero cost

From: Out-of-pocket expenditure for seeking health care for sick children younger than 5 years of age in Bangladesh: findings from cross-sectional surveys, 2009 and 2012

Characteristics 2009
n = 158
2012
n = 108
Type of illnesses
 Non-priority illness1 76.0 82.4
 Priority illness2 24.1 17.6
Care sought from provider
 Untrained 72.1 37.0
 Public trained 25.3 49.1
 Private trained 2.0 2.8
 Non-government organization 0.5 11.1
Mother’s education
 No education 48.7 43.5
 Primary incomplete (1–4 years) 18.9 16.7
 Primary complete (5 years) 9.5 18.5
 Secondary incomplete (6–9 years) 17.1 15.7
 Secondary or higher (10+ years) 5.7 5.6
Wealth
 Poorest 19.6 25.0
 Second 20.2 25.0
 Middle 20.2 14.8
 Fourth 15.2 21.3
 Richest 24.7 13.8
Location of household
 Plain land 46.2 66.4
 Hard-to-reach areas 53.8 33.6
Area
 Comparison 34.8 25.9
 Intervention 65.1 74.0
  1. 1Non-priority illness: children who had a cough or cold, acute or chronic ear infection, diarrhea with no dehydration, anemia, or fever without malaria
  2. 2Priority illness: children who had pneumonia, diarrhea with dehydration, dysentery, malaria, or measles