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Table 1 Food groupings used in the dietary pattern analysis

From: Association of dietary patterns with diabetes complications among type 2 diabetes patients in Gaza Strip, Palestine: a cross sectional study

Food Groups Food Items
Refined grains White breads, toasted bread, cooked white rice, pasta (macaroni, spaghetti and the like)
Whole grains Wheat bread, corn or canned, cooked cereals (as bulgur and the like)
Potatoes Boiled potatoes
Beans and legumes Cooked (lentils, chickpeas, black beans or white)
Red meat (Beef, lamb), other meat (rabbit, duck), cold meats, hamburger
Organ meat Beef liver or chicken liver, viscera (tripe, brains and the like)
Poultry Chicken with skin, skinless chicken
Fish and shellfish products Mixed fried fish, boiled or grilled fish (sardines, tuna), salted fish, canned water fish, canned fish in oil, (oysters, clams, mussels and the like), shellfish (shrimp and the like)
Fast foods Meats as mortadella, sausage, pizza, pie
Eggs Eggs
Low-fat dairy product Skim milk, skimmed milk powder, yogurt
High-fat dairy products Whole milk, (condensed milk, milk powder), cottage cheese curd or fresh white cheese, cream cheese or portions, ice cream, chocolate powder and the like, chocolate
Vegetables Cooked spinach, (cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli), lettuce, onions, (carrots, pumpkin), cooked green beans, (eggplant, zucchini, cucumbers), mushrooms, canned vegetables, cooked green peas, garlic, pepper, (parsley, thyme, bay leaves, oregano, cilantro, mint and the like), avocado
Tomatoes Tomatoes, tomato sauce (ketchup)
Fruit Lemons, (oranges, grapefruit and the like), bananas, apple or pear, strawberries, (peach, apricot), fresh figs, (watermelon, cantaloupe, pineapple), papaya, grapes, mango, guava, kiwi, dried fruits (as raisins, prunes), fruits in syrup (juices of fruits, peach, pear, pineapple, fig)
Hydrogenated fats Margarine, butter, mayonnaise
Vegetable oils Corn oil, sunflower oil
Olive Olives, olive oil
Nuts and seed products Nuts (almonds, peanuts, hazelnuts, walnuts and the like), tahini (sesame seeds)
Sugar, sweets, and desserts Biscuit, (croissant, pastries), shortbread, brownie, (custard, custard pudding), (jams, honey), sugar, tasty type artificial sweeteners
Snacks Potato chips, bag of chips
Condiments Spicy (pepper, chili)
Soft drinks Soft drinks with sugar (as cola, orange, lemon, fanta and the like), low calorie soft drinks, fruit juice packaging
Beverages Coffee, decaffeinated coffee, tea
Salt and pickles Salt, pickles