Skip to main content

Table 5 Characteristics and dietary intakes of study population by Tertile (T) categories of dietary pattern scores

From: Association of dietary patterns with diabetes complications among type 2 diabetes patients in Gaza Strip, Palestine: a cross sectional study

Variables Asian-like pattern P Value Sweet-soft drinks-snacks pattern P Value
T1 T2 T3 T1 T2 T3
Age (years)
 Mean ± SD 46.1 ± 11 50.0 ± 10 53.0 ± 10 0.001 49.5 ± 11 48.8 ± 11 50.8 ± 10 0.518
Gender %
 Males 34.6 31.1 34.3 0.721 30.3 33.6 36.0 0.057
 Females 32.5 34.8 32.7 35.3 33.2 31.5
Marital status %
 Married 32.9 33.8 33.3 0.001 33.5 33.1 33.4 0.927
 Unmarried 45.5 20.0 35.0 27.5 40.0 32.5
Educational level %
 Low education 26.5 32.9 40.6 0.001 31.0 31.2 37.8 0.023
 High education 38.8 33.7 27.5 35.2 35.0 29.8
Family size %
 Less than five 31.4 30.8 37.8 0.004 37.6 33.3 29.1 0.001
 Five or more 34.4 34.8 30.8 31.0 33.3 35.7
Monthly income (NIS) %
  ≤ 2000 (NIS) 32.5 33.1 34.4 0.047 33.0 32.9 34.1 0.362
  > 2000 (NIS) 39.1 34.9 26.0 35.6 36.3 28.1
Diabetes duration (years) %
 Less than five 39.6 30.0 30.4 0.001 38.3 29.7 32.0 0.138
 Five to ten 36.6 35.4 28.0 32.3 38.0 29.7
 More than ten 25.8 33.5 40.7 30.9 31.3 37.8
Type of diabetes medications used %
 Diabetes pills 34.2 34.0 31.8 0.163 37.0 34.8 28.2 0.014
 Insulin injections 33.8 33.9 32.3 31.0 32.0 37.0
 Pills and injections 24.7 24.7 50.6 28.4 34.6 37.0
Received diabetes care instructions %
 Yes 40.0 30.5 29.5 0.001 34.0 33.3 32.7 0.099
History of smoking %
 Yes 38.9 29.6 31.5 0.983 25.3 29.7 45.0 0.001
Physical activity (Total MET)
 Mean ± SD 1679 ± 1560 1382 ± 1458 1228 ± 1506 0.006 1435 ± 1397 1528 ± 1633 1325 ± 1514 0.229
Body Mass Index (kg/m2)
 Mean ± SD 28.6 ± 5.6 30.4 ± 5 31.5 ± 6 0.005 29.4 ± 6 30.0 ± 6 31.2 ± 6 0.347
Waist circumference (cm)
 Mean ± SD 99.2 ± 16 106.5 ± 16 108.5 ± 16 0.001 102.7 ± 17 104.3 ± 17 107.2 ± 16 0.146
Fasting plasma glucose (mg/dl)
 Mean ± SD 168.2 ± 26 169.6 ± 28 171.0 ± 31 0.044 168.4 ± 28 168.1 ± 27 172.3 ± 30 0.001
Triglycerides level (mg/dl)
 Mean ± SD 156.6 ± 53 158.0 ± 54 166.7 ± 50 0.645 148.8 ± 48 160.2 ± 54 172.3 ± 52 0.051
HDL-cholesterol level (mg/dl)
 Mean ± SD 46.6 ± 8 45.4 ± 8.4 43.3 ± 8 0.005 46.0 ± 8.5 45.6 ± 8.1 43.6 ± 8 0.092
  1. ANOVA test was used for quantitative variables and chi-square for qualitative variables. P value less than 0.05 was considered as statistically significant. SD, stander deviation