Skip to main content

Table 1 Means of characteristics of IC and non-IC individuals

From: Informal care and health behaviors among elderly people with chronic diseases

  Smoking control Dietetic regulation Weight control Maintenance of exercising
  IC Non-IC IC Non-IC IC Non-IC IC Non-IC
Age 60.87 62.45 61.60 62.40 60.43 62.49 61.25 62.49
Age 1 (60–75) 0.36 0.32 0.34 0.32 0.34 0.32 0.36 0.32
Age 2 (75–85) 0.15 0.19 0.17 0.18 0.14 0.19 0.16 0.19
Age 3 (> 85) 0.03 0.06 0.05 0.06 0.04 0.06 0.04 0.06
Gender 0.21 0.61 0.51 0.61 0.50 0.61 0.50 0.61
Marital status 0.88 0.83 0.86 0.82 0.88 0.83 0.86 0.82
Living in rural area 0.32 0.26 0.36 0.26 0.42 0.26 0.44 0.26
Education 0.65 0.38 0.58 0.38 0.72 0.38 0.69 0.38
Education 1 (middle school) 0.25 0.18 0.21 0.18 0.25 0.18 0.24 0.18
Education 2 (high school) 0.13 0.08 0.13 0.08 0.15 0.08 0.14 0.08
Education 3 (junior or college and above) 0.05 0.02 0.04 0.02 0.06 0.02 0.06 0.02
Total household income (RMB/thousands) 1456.30 847.18 925.34 873.3 1211.78 850.56 1006.99 857.09
Income 1 (2000, 7000) 0.29 0.28 0.28 0.28 0.28 0.29 0.28 0.28
Income 2 (7000, 20,000) 0.27 0.26 0.27 0.26 0.27 0.26 0.27 0.26
Income 3 (> 20,000) 0.17 0.15 0.18 0.15 0.19 0.15 0.19 0.15
Health insurance 0.96 0.93 0.95 0.93 0.94 0.93 0.95 0.93
Health status and function         
 Mental health 16.60 16.76 17.16 16.66 16.78 16.76 17.01 16.76
 PFs 2.31 2.57 2.59 2.55 2.44 2.57 2.58 2.56
 ADLs 0.74 0.69 0.75 0.68 0.65 0.69 0.73 0.69
 IADLs 0.62 0.70 0.72 0.68 0.62 0.69 0.71 0.69
 Body pains 0.35 0.36 0.39 0.36 0.37 0.36 0.37 0.36
 Disabilities 0.31 0.30 0.27 0.30 0.27 0.30 0.28 0.31
 Other chronic diseases 2.70 2.33 2.76 2.28 2.82 2.32 2.80 2.31
 Self-report health 0.15 0.16 0.13 0.16 0.13 0.16 0.13 0.16
Social contact         
 Children 0.51 0.56 0.54 0.56 0.53 0.56 0.53 0.56
 Social activities 0.83 0.74 0.85 0.73 0.88 0.74 0.94 0.73
Living information         
 Distance to bus stop 2.60 2.96 2.69 2.96 2.05 2.92 2.28 2.93
 Distance to train station 43.96 58.06 52.28 58.85 41.94 58.32 48.48 58.18
 Village/community economic status 3.82 3.79 3.91 3.77 3.93 3.78 3.94 3.79
Drinking status 0.85 0.45 0.50 0.45 0.50 0.45 0.48 0.45
Observations 1068 2130 2400 2066 1231 2121 1642 2105
  1. Notes: the baseline categories are “age < 60,” “marital status: unmarried,” “living in the rural area: village,” “gender: female,” “Education: primary school and below,” and “health insurance: no insurance”
  2. IC informal care