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Table 1 Project characteristicsa

From: Engaging men to promote and support exclusive breastfeeding: a descriptive review of 28 projects in 20 low- and middle-income countries from 2003 to 2013

  NGOb Location Years Population Baseline EBF prevalence (95% CI) Final EBF prevalence (95% CI) Region Intensity of male engagement
1. AKF India 2003–2008 88,128 80.1 (75.4–84.8) 62.9 (51.2–74.6)* SCA High
2. AME-Sada Haiti 2005–2009 300,000 32.4 (15.6–49.2) 64.8 (46.9–82.7)* LAC Low
3. CARE Nepal 2003–2007 931,054 66.8 (54.6–79.0) 73.5 (66.6–80.4) SCA Low
4. CARE Sierra Leone 2003–2008 112,921 8.3 (1.6–15.0) 68.4 (57.5–79.3)* SSA Low
5. CRS Nicaragua 2008–2012 113,560 29.7 (23.0–36.4) 43.2 (35.1–51.3)* LAC High
6. Curamericas Liberia 2008–2013 149,322 39.4 (26.1–52.7) 52.9 (39.2–66.6)* SSA Low
7. ERD Uganda 2008–2012 53,083 67.1 (60.8–73.4) 73.0 (67.0–79.0) SSA High
8. FH Mozambique 2005–2010 254,282 40.0 (31.0–49.0) 81.5 (73.8–89.2)* SSA High
9. FG Peru 2005–2009 119,478 79.0 (65.7–92.3) 87.9 (73.1–100.0)c* LAC High
10. GOAL Ethiopia 2007–2011 168,636 27.2 (19.0–35.4) 96.5 (93.1–99.9)* SSA High
11. HealthRight Kenya 2006–2010 257,083 13.8 (8.3–19.3) 73.7 (64.8–82.6)* SSA High
12. HHF Haiti 2004–2009 171,703 65.1 (54.8–75.4) 62.8 (52.6–73.0) LAC High
13. HP Uganda 2005–2010 759,201 100.0 (0) 97.6 (92.9–100.0)c SSA Low
14. HKI Niger 2004–2009 359,400 5.7 (0–12.6)c 72.4 (57.1–87.7)* SSA High
15. HW India 2006–2010 211,070 36.7 (21.4–52.0) 58.9 (48.6–69.2)* SCA High
16. MC Tajikistan 2004–2008 204,448 35.6 (26.3–44.9) 83.5 (72.7–94.3)* SCA High
17. MCDI Benin 2003–2007 146,210 48.0 (32.0–64.0) 64.9 (54.2–75.6)* SSA High
18. MTI Liberia 2006–2010 127,124 86.0 (68.4–100.0)c 98.0 (78.5–100.0)c* SSA High
19. MTI Uganda 2009–2013 113,400 73.6 (47.6–99.6) 88.2 (78.9–97.5)* SSA High
20. PCI Indonesia 2003–2007 76,549 48.5 (36.4–60.6) 54.8 (39.7–69.9) SEA High
21. Project HOPE Uzbekistan 2006–2011 315,962 62.7 (49.9–75.5) 90.0 (84.5–95.5)* SCA High
22. RI Niger 2007–2011 454,869 36.1 (19.9–52.3) 66.7 (53.9–79.5)* SSA Low
23. SC Malawi 2006–2011 724,873 36.6 (24.0–49.2) 96.7 (90.4–100.0)c* SSA High
24. WI Tanzania 2006–2011 218,654 11.6 (2.0–21.2) 65.1 (52.3–77.9)* SSA Low
25. WRC Mozambique 2004–2009 227,260 17.4 (6.8–28.0) 80.0 (68.0–92.0)* SSA High
26. WR Bangladesh 2004–2010 169,803 74.2 (66.4–82.0) 90.1 (85.9–94.3)* SCA High
27. WV Afghanistan 2008–2013 260,500 56.7 (42.6–70.8) 83.5 (74.6–92.4)* SCA High
28. WV India 2003–2007 3,254,203 57.2 (48.9–60.5) 37.7 (34.5–40.9)* SCA Low
  1. Abbreviations: NGO nongovernmental organization, CI confidence interval, SSA sub-Saharan Africa, AKF Aga Khan Foundation, SCA South and Central Asia, AME-Sada African Methodist Episcopal Church Service and Development Agency, LAC Latin America and Caribbean, ARC American Red Cross, SEA Southeast Asia, CHS Center for Human Services, CW Concern Worldwide, CI Counterpart International, CRS Catholic Relief Services, DRC Democratic Republic of Congo, ERD Episcopal Relief and Development, FH Food for the Hungry, FG Future Generations, HAI Health Alliance International, HHF Haitian Health Foundation, HP Health Partners, HKI Helen Keller International, HW Hope Worldwide, IRD International Relief and Development, MC Mercy Corps, MCDI Medical Care Development Inc., MTI Medical Teams International, PCI Project Concern International, Plan Plan International, RI Relief International, SAWSO Salvation Army World Service Organization, SC Save the Children, WI Wellshare International, WR World Relief, WR World Renew, WV World Vision
  2. *Statistically significant (a = 0.05) difference in proportions (n = 23)
  3. aAs reported by grantees to USAID
  4. bAll projects are implemented in partnership with local health service providers, organizations or institutes
  5. cThe confidence interval was truncated at the extreme value because the margin of error rendered an improbable confidence limit