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Table 2 Utilization rates for outpatient and inpatient health services

From: The association between health insurance status and utilization of health services in rural Northern Ghana: evidence from the introduction of the National Health Insurance Scheme

Variable   Visits Utilization rate/per 1000
Categories Outpatient Inpatient Outpatient Inpatient
Health insurance status Insured 3633 959 1.0 0.3
Uninsured 1364 101 0.7 0.1
Age 0–4 1033 194 1.7 0.3
5–17 1104 180 0.6 0.1
18–34 796 244 0.1 0.2
35–59 1270 302 1.0 0.2
60–69 457 78 1.3 0.2
70+ (aged) 337 62 1.4 0.3
Gender Male 2080 442 0.8 0.2
Female 2917 618 1.0 0.2
Educational level No formal education 1403 228 1.0 0.2
Primary 1186 199 0.7 0.1
Secondary 864 256 0.8 0.2
Tertiary 133 57 0.8 0.3
Below school going agea 1411 320 1.3 0.3
Religion Traditional & other 2070 295 0.9 0.1
Christianity 2478 659 0.9 0.2
Islam 241 62 0.7 0.2
Ethnicity Kasem 2344 581 0.8 0.2
Nankam 2128 349 .0–9. 0.2
Buli 219 35 1.8 0.3
Other 98 51 0.8 0.4
Location Rural 4244 747 0.9 0.2
Urban 753 313 1.0 0.4
Household size 1 member 159 43 1.3 0.3
2–4 members 1256 305 1.0 0.3
5+ members 3582 712 0.9 0.2
Socio-economic status Poorest 1300 189 0.9 0.1
Poorer 972 145 0.8 0.1
Poor 867 149 0.8 0.1
Less poor 944 262 0.9 0.2
Least poor 704 271 0.9 0.4
Recent illness or injury Yes 2821 776 7.7 0–9
No 2176 243 0.5 0.2
Self-assessed health status Poor or very poor 571 128 3.9 0.9
Good or very good 4371 886 0.8 0.2
Don’t know 55 5 0.8 0.1
Chronic medication Yes 396 113 5.3 1.5
No 4591 903 0.8 0.2
Don’t Know 10 3 0.8 0.3
  1. aRepresenting infants who have not yet attained school going age in order to be in school