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Table 5 Association of normal weight by BMI in predicting hypertension and DM versus central obesity proxy measures

From: Central obesity and normal-weight central obesity among adults attending healthcare facilities in Buffalo City Metropolitan Municipality, South Africa: a cross-sectional study

Variables Hypertensive (%) p value Diabetic (%) p value
WC
 Normal weight, no central obesity 65(32.8) 0.467 26 (13.1) 0.522
 Normal-weight central obesity 25(34.8)   10 (13.7)  
WHR
 Normal-weight, no central obesity 44(25.7) 0.001 19 (11.1) 0.117
 Normal-weight central obesity 46(46.0%)   17 (17.0)  
WHTR
 Normal weight, no central obesity 55(28.8) 0.013 24 (12.6) 0.360
 Normal-weight central obesity 35(43.8)   12 (15.0)  
  1. Hypertensive = blood pressure ≥ 140/90 mmHg or history of hypertension or hypertension treatment; diabetes = fasting blood glucose ≥ 7.0 mmol/L or a history of diabetes or diabetes treatment
  2. WC waist circumference, WHR waist-to-hip ratio, WHTR waist-to-height ratio