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Table 3 Bi-variate and multi-variate logistic regression analysis of factors associated with foodborne protozoan infection among diarrheic patients in selected government health facilities of Mekelle City, North Ethiopia, 2017

From: Foodborne intestinal protozoan infection and associated factors among patients with watery diarrhea in Northern Ethiopia; a cross-sectional study

Variables Parasite status COR (95% CI) P-value AOR (95%CI) P-value
Positive N (%) Negative N (%)
Water treatment
 No treatment 39 (45.9) 46 (54.1) 0.9 (0.5–1.6) 0.68   
 Boiling/filtration 14 (35) 26 (65) 0.6 (0.26–1.2) 0.14 0.8 (0.34–1.8) 0.8
 Chemical treatment 48 (49) 50 (51) 1   1  
Water source for drinking and cooking
 Protected water 95 (45.2) 115 (54.8) 1    
 Unprotected water 6 (46.2) 7 (53.8) 1.04 (0.34–3.12) 0.95  
Regular hand washing
 Yes 99 (45) 121 (55) 1    
 No 2 (66.7) 1 (33.3) 2.44 (0.41–4.6) 0.47  
Feces disposal/defecation
 Open defecation 13 (56.5) 10 (43.5) 2.1 (0.85–5.03) 0.11 0.42 (0.16–1.22  
 Pit latrine 32 (58.2) 23 (41.8) 2.2 (1.18–4.16) 0.014 0.95 (0.32–2.8) 0.92
 Flash latrine 56 (38.6) 89 (61.4) 1   1  
Distance of kitchen from toilet (meter)
 20–30 17 (42.5) 23 (57.5) 1    
 10–20 35 (45.5) 42 (54.5) 1.13 (0.52–2.44) 0.76  
 5–10 32 (42.7) 43 (57.3) 1.01 (0.46–2.19) 0.97  
  < 5 17 (54.8) 14 (45.2) 1.62 (0.64–4.23) 0.3  
Decontaminant used for vegetables and fruits
 Lemon 17 (28.8) 42 (71.2) 1   1  
 Vinegar 24 (54.5) 20 (45.5) 3 (1.31–6.72) 0.009 2.83 (1.24–6.48) 0.014
 None 60 (50) 60 (50) 2.5 (1.28–4.82) 0.008 2.64 (1.34–5.19) 0.005
Eating at restaurant
 Yes 45 (35.2) 83 (64.8) 0.38 (0.22–0.65) 0.000 0.43 (0.23–0.78) 0.006
 No 56 (58.9) 39 (41.1) 1   1  
  1. COR crude odds ratio, CI confidence interval, AOR Adjusted odds ratio, 1(referent)