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Table 3 Average health-related quality of life values by socio-economic and demographic characteristics (N = 922)

From: Health-related quality of life determinants among Rwandan women after delivery: does antenatal care utilization matter? A cross-sectional study

  Number EQ-5D score (mean) [95% CI] Number EQ-VAS score (mean) [95% CI]
Residence
 Rural 705 0.928 0.916–0.940 704 69.1 67.6–70.6
 Urban 214 0.903 0.878–0.928 210 71.2 68.8–73.5
Age groups
 15–20 95 0.930 0.899–0.960 94 69.8 65.5–74.0
 21–25 266 0.933 0.916–0.950 264 69.0 66.5–71.5
 26–30 271 0.908 0.885–0.931 270 69.2 66.8–71.6
 31–35 173 0.932 0.912–0.953 171 70.7 68.1–73.3
 36–40 84 0.933 0.895–0.971 85 70.4 65.9–74.9
 > 40 29 0.839 0.736–0.942 29 67.9 61.4–74.4
Education level
 Some primary 416 0.915 0.898–0.932 415 68.8 66.8–70.7
 Primary completed 200 0.943 0.921–0.963 201 67.7 65.1–70.3
 Lower secondary or vocational 111 0.918 0.888–0.947 108 71.8 68.6–75.1
 Upper secondary or university 100 0.944 0.921–0.967 99 76.2 73.1–79.2
Marital status
 Married 481 0.936 0.922–0.949 480 72.6 70.9–74.2
 Cohabitant 290 0.915 0.893–0.937 290 67.8 65.4–70.1
 Separated/divorced/widow 23 0.839 0.754–0.923 22 61.1 53.1–69.1
 Unmarried/single 124 0.902 0.872–0.932 121 63.4 59.3–67.6
Social support categories
 Poor social support 313 0.883 0.859–0.906 312 61.9 59.5–64.3
 Good social support 595 0.944 0.934–0.955 592 73.7 72.3–75.1
Number of children
 1 41 0.996 0.988–1.003 41 76.1 70.5–81.7
 2 228 0.901 0.874–0.926 225 68.3 65.8–70.8
 3 146 0.942 0.921–0.962 146 71.8 68.6–75.1
 4 to 5 137 0.924 0.896–0.953 137 68.6 65.6–71.6
 ≥ 6 77 0.879 0.825–0.933 77 69.3 64.3–74.2
Wealth quintiles
 Lowest 166 0.893 0.858–0.927 167 63.5 60.3–66.8
 Second 167 0.928 0.903–0.952 167 69.5 66.3–72.7
 Middle 191 0.939 0.919–0.959 190 71.8 69.4–74.3
 Fourth 150 0.912 0.887–0.936 148 69.7 67.0–73.2
 Highest 148 0.937 0.910–0.963 146 76.3 73.6–78.8
Child’s age
 ≤ 2 month 128 0.926 0.901–0.951 126 71.5 67.5–75.6
 3–4 month 185 0.941 0.923–0.960 185 69.8 66.9–72.6
 5–6 month 145 0.908 0.875–0.942 147 69.9 67.2–72.6
 7–8 month 132 0.897 0.864–0.931 129 70.1 66.7–73.5
 9–10 month 139 0.914 0.884–0.945 137 67.6 64.1–71.1
 11–12 month 126 0.931 0.905–0.957 126 68.8 65.2–72.4
 > 12 month 60 0.944 0.903–0.984 61 70.1 65.3–74.8
ANC utilization
 Inadequate ANC 561 0.917 0.902–0.931 558 68.3 66.6–69.9
 Adequate ANC 351 0.932 0.917–0.948 349 71.8 69.8–73.8
  1. Statistically differences in bivariate analyses are indicated in italics