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Table 3 Chi-square statistics showing factors association with ever use of any family planning methods and any modern methods

From: Maternal health care visits as predictors of contraceptive use among childbearing women in a medically underserved state in Nigeria

Variable Ever used any methods (n = 206) p value Any modern method (n = 189) p value
Age
 20 and below (n = 37) 9 (24.3) < 0.05 7 (18.9) < 0.05
 21–25 (n = 102) 56 (54.9)   50 (49.0)  
 26–30 (n = 113) 68 (60.2)   64 (56.6)  
 31–35 (n = 72) 47 (65.3)   43 (59.7)  
 36–40 (n = 37) 20 (54.1)   20 (54.1)  
 Above 40 (n = 11) 6 (54.5)   5 (45.5)  
Parity
 One child (n = 93) 43 (46.2) > 0.05 41 (44.1) > 0.5
 Two children (n = 83) 45 (54.2)   44 (53.0)  
 More than two children (n = 196) 118 (60.2)   104 (53.1)  
Place of residence
 Urban (n = 71) 53 (74.6) < 0.001 51 (71.8) < 0.001
 Peri-urban (n = 110) 84 (76.4)   80 (72.7)  
 Rural (n = 191) 69 (36.1)   58 (30.4)  
Level of education
 No schooling (n = 75) 25 (33.3) < 0.001 19 (25.3) < 0.001
 Primary (n = 86) 47 (56.0)   44 (51.2)  
 Secondary (n = 131) 75 (57.3)   71 (54.2)  
 Higher degree (n = 80) 58 (72.5)   55 (68.8)  
Religion
 Christianity (n = 236) 144 (61.0) < 0.05 135 (57.2) < 0.05
 Islam (n = 136) 62 (45.6)   54 (39.7)  
Mobile phone ownership
 Yes (n = 296) 182 (61.5) < 0.001 166 (56.1) < 0.001
 No (n = 76) 24 (31.6)   23 (30.3)  
Access to TV
 Yes (n = 310) 196 (63.2) < 0.001 180 (58.12) < 0.001
 No (n = 62) 10 (16.1)   9 (14.5)  
Owned bank account
 Yes (n = 122) 83 (68.0) < 0.001 80 (65.6) < 0.001
 No (n = 250) 123 (49.2)   109 (43.6)  
Access to Internet
 Yes (n = 69) 49 (71.0) < 0.05 48 (69.6) > 0.001
 No (n = 303) 157 (51.8)   141 (46.5)  
Marital status
 Currently married (n = 354) 201 (56.8) < 0.05 186 (52.5) < 0.05
 Formerly married (n = 6) 3 (50.0)   1 (16.7)  
 Never married (n = 12) 2 (16.7)   2 (16.7)  
Measure of social status
 Low SES (n = 73) 60 (43.8) < 0.001 50 (36.5) < 0.001
 Middle SES (n = 141) 88 (62.4)   83 (58.9)  
 High SES (n = 137) 50 (68.5)   48 (65.8)  
Health care visit for antenatal care
 Yes (n = 338) 198 (58.6) < 0.001 183 (54.1) < 0.001
 No (n = 34) 8 (23.5)   6 (17.6)  
Place of ANC
 Tertiary, secondary and private (n = 179) 126 (70.4) < 0.001 118 (65.9) < 0.001
 PHC (n = 159) 72 (45.3)   65 (40.9)  
 Home (n = 34) 8 (23.5)   6 (17.6)  
Who assisted during childbirth
 Skilled health worker (n = 254) 155 (61.0) < 0.001 145 (57.1) < 0.001
 Unskilled attendants (n = 118) 51 (43.2)   44 (37.3)  
Health care visit for childbirth
 Yes (tertiary, secondary and private) (n = 144) 104 (72.2) < 0.001 100 (69.4) < 0.001
 PHC (n = 70) 31 (44.3)   28 (40.0)  
 Not in health facility (n = 158) 71 (44.9)   61 (38.6)  
Availability of health facility in community of residence
 Yes (n = 225) 151 (67.1) < 0.001 145 (64.4) < 0.001
 No (n = 147) 55 (37.4)   44 (29.9)  
  1. SES socioeconomic status