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Table 3 Variables related to the perceived need/benefit for receiving quality care

From: Health facility or home delivery? Factors influencing the choice of delivery place among mothers living in rural communities of Eritrea

Variable Category n (%) p value (χ2 test)
Exposure to mass media
 Reading newspapers Daily 8(2.6) 0.017
Sometimes 75(24.3)
Never 226(73.1)
 Listening radio Daily 48(15.5) 0.219
Sometimes 144(46.6)
Never 117(37.9)
 Watching TV Daily 13(4.2) 0.524
Sometimes 27(8.7)
Never 269(87.1)
Knowledge about complications during deliverya Knowledgeable 127 (41.1) 0.001
Not knowledgeable 182 (58.9)
Pregnancy wantedness Yes 268 (86.7) 0.332
No 41 (13.3)
ANC use for last pregnancy Yes 285 (92.2) 0.656
No 24 (7.8)
Perceived quality of care (ANC/delivery care) Satisfactory 255 (85.6) 0.011
Not satisfactory 43 (14.9)
Previous facility delivery Yes 125 (40.6) 0.001
No 183 (59.4)
Birth order of last pregnancy First 55(17.8) 0.117
Second 55(17.8)
Third 50(16.2)
Fourth 49(15.9)
Fifth 45(14.6)
More than six 55 (17.8)
Birth intervalb Close spacing 120 (38.8) 0.004
Medium 131 (42.4)
Distant 58 (18.8)
Experience of past pregnancy complicationsc Yes 113 (36.6) 0.379
No 196 (63.4)  
Women’s perception of delivery outcomes of women in her community Positive 115 (37.2) 0.001
Negative 125 (40.5)
Mixed 69 (22.3)
Perceived threats of home delivery Threatening 198 (64.1) 0.001
Not threatening 111 (35.9)
  1. aRespondents were asked to mention at least four complications that could happen during delivery and woman was categorized as not knowledgeable if she names less than four complications. If the respondents mention four or more complications, they were categorized as knowledgeable
  2. bClose birth interval is defined as having deliveries at 1 year or less interval from last child, medium spacing from 1 year to 2 years, and birth spacing more than 3 years or above was categorized as having distant birth spacing
  3. cExperience of abortion, still birth, baby with abnormalities, severe blood loss, and prolonged labor during last pregnancy