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Table 3 Relationship between preceding child death, socio-economic, bio-demographic variables, and skilled assistance at birth, Nigeria, 2013

From: Death of preceding child and maternal healthcare services utilisation in Nigeria: investigation using lagged logit models

Variables Model I Model II Model III Model IV
OR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI)
Maternal socio-economic variables
 Education
  None   1.00   1.00
  Primary   1.84(1.60–2.10)*   1.84(1.61–2.11)*
  Secondary   3.06(2.64–3.56)*   3.16(2.71–3.67)*
  Higher   9.06(6.58–12.48)*   9.09(6.58–12.55)*
 Occupation
  Not working   1.00   1.00
  Professional/services   1.18(0.94–1.49)   1.16(0.92–1.46)
  Sales   1.17(1.02–1.33)*   1.13(0.98–1.29)
  Agriculture/manual   1.06(0.91–1.23)   1.03(0.88–1.19)
 Household wealth index
  Poorest   1.00   1.00
  Poorer   2.29(1.88–2.79)*   2.29(1.88–2.79)*
  Middle   4.13(3.38–5.04)*   4.11(3.36–5.01)*
  Richer   6.08(4.91–7.53)*   6.06(4.89–7.50)*
  Richest   11.06(8.59–14.25)*   10.98(8.52–14.14)*
 Type of residence
  Urban   1.00   1.00
  Rural   0.61(0.54–0.69)*   0.62(0.55–0.69)*
 Geo-political region
  Northcentral   0.75(0.62–0.89)*   0.75(0.63–0.90)*
  Northeast   0.29(0.24–0.35)*   0.29(0.24–0.35)*
  Northwest   0.20(0.16–0.23)*   0.20(0.16–0.24)*
  Southeast   1.27(1.02–1.57)*   1.26(1.02–1.57)*
  South-south   0.41(0.34–0.49)*   0.40(0.33–0.49)*
  Southwest   1.00   1.00
Bio-demographic variables
 Maternal age at child’s birth
  <  20 years    1.00 1.00
  20–34 years    4.74(3.64–6.17)* 1.30(0.96–1.77)
  > = 35 years    6.85(5.19–9.05)* 1.56(1.12–2.18)*
 Marital status
  Not currently married    1.00 1.00
  Currently married    0.79(0.65–0.97)* 1.04(0.81–1.32)
 Child’s birth order
  2    1.00 1.00
  3    0.75(0.66–0.85)* 0.92(0.78–1.09)
  4+    0.43(0.38–0.48)* 0.97(0.84–1.13)
 Child’s birth interval
  < 24 months    1.00 1.00
  24–36 months    0.88(0.79–0.98)* 0.99(0.86–1.14)
  > 36 months    1.03(0.92–1.14) 1.12(0.97–1.29)
 Survival status of preceding birth
  Dead 0.56(0.50–0.63)* 0.95(0.80–1.13) 0.60(0.53–0.68)* 0.97(0.81–1.15)
  Alive 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Model parameters
  Log likelihood −10,739.6 − 6745.35 −10,453.92 − 6729.49
  p value (Wald statistic) < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001
  1. * (p <0.05)