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Table 4 Relationship between preceding child death, socio-economic, bio-demographic variables, and postnatal care utilization, Nigeria, 2013

From: Death of preceding child and maternal healthcare services utilisation in Nigeria: investigation using lagged logit models

Variables Model I Model II Model III Model IV
OR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI)
Maternal socio-economic variables
 Education
  None   1.00   1.00
  Primary   1.93(1.69–2.20)*   1.92(1.68–2.20)*
  Secondary   2.58(2.23–2.98)*   2.57(2.22–2.97)*
  Higher   4.11(3.28–5.16)*   4.10(3.26–5.14)*
 Occupation
  Not working   1.00   1.00
  Professional/services   1.24(1.03–1.49)*   1.24(1.03–1.50)*
  Sales   1.47(1.30–1.66)*   1.47(1.30–1.66)*
  Agriculture/manual   1.20(1.05–1.37)*   1.20(1.05–1.38)*
 Household wealth index
  Poorest   1.00   1.00
  Poorer   1.79(1.51–2.11)*   1.78(1.51–2.10)*
  Middle   2.54(2.14–3.02)*   2.53(2.13–3.01)*
  Richer   3.71(3.08–4.47)*   3.72(3.09–4.49)*
  Richest   4.75(3.83–5.90)*   4.79(3.85–5.95)*
 Type of residence
  Urban   1.00   1.00
  Rural   0.86(0.76–0.96)*   0.86(0.77–0.96)*
 Geo-political region
  Northcentral   0.52(0.45–0.61)*   0.52(0.45–0.61)*
  Northeast   0.75(0.66–0.93)*   0.75(0.66–0.93)*
  Northwest   0.48(0.41–0.57)*   0.48(0.41–0.57)*
  Southeast   0.39(0.32–0.47)*   0.39(0.32–0.47)*
  South-south   0.49(0.42–0.58)*   0.49(0.41–0.58)*
  Southwest   1.00   1.00
Bio-demographic variables
 Maternal age at child’s birth
  <  20 years    1.00 1.00
  20–34 years    2.20(1.72–2.82)* 0.92(0.71–1.20)
  > = 35 years    2.61(2.00–3.41)* 0.94(0.71–1.26)
 Marital status
  Not currently married    1.00 1.00
  Currently married    0.76(0.62–0.94)* 0.80(0.64–1.00)
 Child’s birth order
  2    1.00 1.00
  3    0.86(0.75–0.98)* 1.00(0.87–1.16)
  4+    0.57(0.51–0.64)* 0.99(0.87–1.12)
 Child’s birth interval
  < 24 months    1.00 1.00
  24–36 months    0.93(0.83–1.05) 1.00(0.88–1.13)
  > 36 months    1.03(0.92–1.16) 1.00(0.88–1.14)
 Survival status of preceding birth
  Dead 0.65(0.57–0.74)* 0.96(0.83–1.11) 0.69(0.60–0.78)* 0.95(0.83–1.11)
  Alive 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Model parameters
  Log likelihood − 9750.86 − 8119.01 − 9647.72 − 8116.12
  p value (Wald statistic) < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001
  1. * (p <0.05)