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Table 1 Characteristics of the caregivers among refugee and host communities in Gambella Region, Ethiopia, 2016

From: Caregivers’ knowledge and attitudes about childhood diarrhea among refugee and host communities in Gambella Region, Ethiopia

Variable Refugee community Host community
n = 854 n = 813
Freq. % Freq. %
Caregiver sex
 Male 46 5.4 23 2.8
 Female 808 94.6 790 97.2
Caregiver’s age group (year)
 ≤ 24 232 27.2 263 32.4
 25–34 447 52.3 436 53.6
 ≥ 35 175 20.5 114 14.0
Family size
 < 5 234 27.4 213 26.2
 ≥ 5 620 72.6 600 73.8
Caregiver’s marital status
 Married 735 86.1 709 87.2
 Single 27 3.2 20 2.5
 Divorced 40 4.7 37 4.6
 Widowed 52 6.1 47 5.8
Ethnicity
 Agnuak 213 24.9 689 84.8
 Nuer 641 75.1 90 11.1
 Others 34 4.2
Caregiver education level
 No formal education 461 54.0 373 45.9
 Primary school (grades 1 to 8) 264 30.9 245 30.1
 Secondary school (grades 9 to 12) 63 7.4 113 13.9
 Diploma and above 66 7.7 82 10.1
Described diarrhea signs and symptoms
 One sign or symptom 310 36.3 259 31.9
 Two signs or symptoms 348 40.8 340 41.8
 Three or more signs or symptoms 140 16.4 155 19.1
 Did not describe 56 6.7 59 7.3
Usual source of health information
 Health institutions 358 41.9 342 42.1
 Community health workers 286 33.5 277 34.1
 Schools 35 4.1 21 2.6
 Mass media (radio, TV) 30 3.5 30 3.7
 Do not know 145 17.0 143 17.6
Health education attended within the last 3 months
 Yes 233 27.3 234 28.8
 No 378 44.3 352 43.3
 Do not remember 243 28.4 227 27.9
Health education topic attended last
 HIV and other STDs 56 23.7 70 29.8
 Vaccination 52 22.0 63 26.8
 Child feeding 50 21.2 42 17.9
 Diarrhea 46 19.5 32 13.6
 WASH 26 11.0 17 7.2
 Others 6 2.5 11 4.7
Outcome of diarrhea described
 Not described 4 0.5 4 0.5
 One outcome 116 13.6 92 11.2
 Two or more outcome 734 85.9 717 88.2
Which treatments of diarrhea disease you know?
 Homemade fluids Yes 83 9.7 44 5.4
No 771 90.3 769 94.6
 Oral rehydrating solution (ORS) Yes 688 80.1 684 84.1
No 166 19.9 129 15.9
 Anti-diarrheal therapeutic medication such as antibiotics, Zn Yes 401 47.0 331 40.7
No 453 53.0 482 59.3
 Herbal medicine Yes 39 4.6 36 4.4
No 815 95.4 777 95.6
 Do not know Yes 203 23.8 217 26.7
No 651 76.2 596 73.3
ORS preparation procedure described
 Correct 268 31.4 195 24.0
 Incorrect 586 68.6 618 76.0
Diarrhea prevention methods described
 One 47 5.5 33 4.1
 Two or more 803 94.0 775 95.3
 None 4 0.5 5 0.6