Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 1 Background, socio-demographic, and selected clinical characteristic of study participants

From: Food elimination, food substitution, and nutrient supplementation among ARV-exposed HIV-positive persons in southern Ghana

ART/study site Frequency Percent
Atua Government Hospital 146 27.0
St Martin’s Martins de Porres Hospital 148 27.4
Tema General Hospital 93 17.2
Fevers Unit, Korle Bu Teaching Hospital 153 28.3
Place of residence
 Urban 275 50.9
 Rural 265 49.1
Sex of respondent
 Male 140 25.9
 Female 400 74.1
Religious affiliation of respondent
 Not religious 10 1.9
 Christian 485 89.8
 Muslim 43 7.9
 Traditionalist 2 0.4
Respondent’s level of education
 No formal education 109 20.1
 Primary 123 22.9
 JHS 170 31.4
 SHS/vocational 102 18.9
 Post secondary/tertiary 36 6.7
Total 509 100.0
Age1
 18–19 5 0.9
 20–24 12 2.2
 25–35 126 23.3
 36–60 374 69.3
 61 or older 23 4.3
Does respondent have an adherence monitor
 Yes 293 54.5
 No 245 45.5
 Total 538 100.0
Physiologic status of female respondents
 Pregnant 10 2.8
 Lactating 14 3.9
 Not pregnant 333 93.3
 Total 357 100.0
Body mass index (BMI)2 (kg/m2)
 Underweight (BMI < 18.50) 53 12.2
 Normal weight (BMI 18.50–24.99) 236 54.1
 Overweight (BMI 25.00–29.99) 99 22.7
 Class I obesity (BMI 30.00–34.99) 29 6.7
 Class II obesity (BMI 35.00–39.99) 11 2.5
 Class III obesity (BMI > 40.00) 8 1.8
 Total 436 100.0
CD4+ cell count3
 CD4+ cell count < 350 235 47.3
 CD4+ cell count ≥350 262 52.7
 Total 497 100.0
Hemoglobin concentration (g/dl)4
 Anemic < 11.0 g/dl 239 46.4
 Normal/Hb ≥ 11.0 g/dl 276 53.6
 Total 515 100.0
  1. 1Mean age is 42.3 age ranged from 18 to > 60 years
  2. 2Mean BMI is 23.9335 and ranged from 13.61 to 50.00; 104 of the cases have missing weight or height
  3. 3Median CD4 cell count is 373; range from 2 to 1663; 43 cases are missing CD4 measurements
  4. 4Mean Hb is 11.1 and ranged from 5.8–19.2; 25 cases are missing Hb measurements