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Table 4 Difference-in-differences estimates of the effect of JGY implementation on health facilities (PHCs)

From: Effect of reliable electricity on health facilities, health information, and child and maternal health services utilization: evidence from rural Gujarat, India

Variables (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10)
Electricity Generator Deep freezer Ice-lined refrigerator Cold box Vaccine carrier Delivery room Operating table Delivery table Examination table
Post*Gujarat (JGY program effect) 0.127*** (0.050–0.204) − 0.215*** (− 0.373 to − 0.056) 0.065** (0.012–0.118) 0.052** (0.003–0.101) 0.058** (0.003–0.114) 0.066** (0.010–0.123) 0.060 (− 0.012–0.131) 0.103** (0.010–0.197) 0.060** (0.003–0.117) 0.011 (− 0.046–0.068)
Gujarat − 0.045*** (− 0.061 to − 0.029) 0.326*** (0.265–0.388) − 0.082*** (− 0.099 to − 0.065) − 0.023 (− 0.054–0.008) − 0.077*** (− 0.093 to − 0.062) − 0.326*** (− 0.376 to − 0.276) − 0.005 (− 0.024–0.014) − 0.424*** (− 0.465 to − 0.383) − 0.108*** (− 0.128 to − 0.088) − 0.088*** (− 0.109 to − 0.067)
Post (interview in 2007–2008) 0.228** (0.050–0.406) 0.241* (− 0.044–.526) − 0.023 (− 0.127–0.081) − 0.163*** (− 0.280 to − 0.047) 0.029 (− 0.042–0.099) 0.008 (− 0.112–0.127) 0.068 (− 0.056–0.192) 0.007 (− 0.119–0.133) − 0.001 (− 0.122–0.120) − 0.028 (− 0.153–0.097)
Semi-pucca building 0.027 (− 0.011–0.066) 0.005 (− 0.126–0.136) 0.041 (− 0.017–0.100) − 0.001 (− 0.072–0.071) 0.035 (− 0.030–0.100) − 0.285*** (− 0.322 to − 0.247) 0.196*** (0.060–0.332) 0.079 (− 0.025–0.184) 0.023 (− 0.038–0.084) 0.011 (− 0.066–0.088)
Pucca building 0.063*** (0.025–0.102) 0.029 (− 0.105–0.163) 0.063*** (0.021–0.106) 0.039 (− 0.025–0.104) 0.048* (− 0.008–0.104) − 0.272*** (− 0.291 to − 0.253) 0.247*** (0.125–0.370) 0.172*** (0.075–0.270) 0.054* (− 0.003–0.111) 0.019 (− 0.063–0.101)
Piped water 0.033*** (0.012–0.055) 0.017 (− 0.036–0.070) 0.026* (− 0.001–0.054) 0.011 (− 0.022–0.043) 0.008 (− 0.018–0.035) 0.007 (− 0.026–0.041) 0.047** (0.009–0.085) 0.018 (− 0.012–0.049) 0.025** (0.004–0.046) 0.010 (− 0.018–0.039)
Toilet 0.099*** (0.077–0.121) 0.195*** (0.127–0.263) 0.052*** (0.024–0.079) 0.047** (0.008–0.087) 0.049*** (0.012–0.085) 0.037*** (0.011–0.064) 0.434*** (0.382–0.485) 0.412*** (0.352–0.472) 0.126*** (0.103–0.149) 0.081*** (0.049–0.112)
Observations 1183 1803 1468 1519 1384 793 1816 1756 1739 1610
  1. Reported coefficients are probit marginal effects. Standard errors clustered at the district level. 95% confidence intervals in parentheses. Regressions include district fixed effects, interview year fixed effects, and district-level pre-JGY health status interacted with interview year dummies. ***p < 0.01, **p < 0.05, *p < 0.1