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Table 2 Birth registration, childhood Immunization, and maternal health service indicators in low-income countries (N = 34)

From: A missed opportunity: birth registration coverage is lagging behind Bacillus Calmette–Guérin (BCG) immunization coverage and maternal health services utilization in low- and lower middle-income countries

Low-income countries N = 34 Survey data source World Bank region Birth registration under 1 year BCG 12 months |BCG-BRR|** ≥ ANC1 |ANC > =1-BRR|+ Facility delivery* |Facility delivery-BRR|++ BCG wealth inequality q5–q1 Birth registration wealth inequality q5–q1
Afghanistan MICS 2010–2011 South Asia 38.8 61.3 22.5 73.4 34.6 32.9 5.9 24.9 26.7
Benin MICS 2014 Sub-Saharan Africa 81.7 89.4 7.7 92.2 10.5 87 5.3 23.3 26.8
Burkina Faso DHS 2010/MICS Sub-Saharan Africa 73 96.2 23.2 95.7 22.7 71.6 1.4 15.5 22.4
Burundi DHS 2010 Sub-Saharan Africa 65 98.8 33.8 98.9 33.9 64.5 .5 25.8 33.2
Central African Republic MICS 2010 Sub-Saharan Africa 50.6 72.4 21.8 72.8 22.2 52.5 1.9 36.2 38.4
Chad MICS 2010 Sub-Saharan Africa 12.7 55.2 42.5 25 12.3 23.6 10.9 21.5 51
Comoros MICS 2000 Sub-Saharan Africa 88 84.6 3.4    77.5 10.5 35.1 8.8
DRC MICS 2010 Sub-Saharan Africa 23 84 61 89.5 66.5 80.4 57.4 25.5 2
Eritrea 2002 DHS Sub-Saharan Africa 96.3 89.3 7 72.1   28.3 68 20.1  
Ethiopia DHS 2005 Sub-Saharan Africa   65.2   33.7   11   1.7 15
Gambia MICS 2010 Sub-Saharan Africa 35 98.6 63.6 98.1 63.1 63.3 28.3   6.3
Guinea MICS 2016 Sub-Saharan Africa 45 81.6 36.6 74.6 29.6 57.2 12.2 5.2 35
Guinea-Bissau MICS 2014 Sub-Saharan Africa 69.6 90.5 20.9 90.9 21.3 44 25.6 9.2 18
Haiti DHS 2012 Latin America and the Caribbean 57 80.6 23.6 89.6 32.6 38.1 18.9 6.4 20.5
Korea DPR MICS 2009 East Asia and Pacific 100    98.7 1.3 94.7 5.3   
Liberia DHS 2007 Sub-Saharan Africa   93.3   96.2   59.4   27.1 14.9
Madagascar MICS 2012 Sub-Saharan Africa 54.3 63.5 9.2 77.1 22.8 25.3 29 28.8 31.5
Malawi MICS 2013–2014 Sub-Saharan Africa 54.3 96.3 42 96.8 42.5 88.9 34.6 1.1 − 2.8
Mali MICS 2015 Sub-Saharan Africa 84.6 71.9 12.7 75.5 9.1 64.5 20.1 34.3 25.7
Mozambique DHS 2011 Sub-Saharan Africa 29 90.3 61.3 90 61.0 57.2 28.2 21.9 17.9
Nepal MICS 2014 South Asia 28.6 85.7 57.1 85.6 57.0 55.2 26.6 1.1 16.5
Niger MICS/DHS 2006 Sub-Saharan Africa   82.6   66   33   31.8 39.4
Rwanda DHS 2010 Sub-Saharan Africa   98.9   98.1   90.7   2.1 20.9
Senegal MICS/DHS 2010–2011 Sub-Saharan Africa 94.5 93.7 .8 91.9   77.9 16.6 1.4 44
Sierra Leone MICS 2017 Sub-Saharan Africa 72 93.9 21.9 33 39.0 55 17 1.1 14
Somalia MICS 2006 Sub-Saharan Africa 72.8 26.8 46 41.3 31.5 30.6 42.2 14.2 6
South Sudan MICS 2010 Sub-Saharan Africa 3 31.4 28.4 41.4 38.4 11.5 8.5 38.1 35.3
Syria MICS 2006 Middle East and North Africa 87.2 89.6 2.4 85.3 1.9 70.4 16.8 10.4 34
Tajikistan DHS 2012 Europe and Central Asia 80 98.3 18.3 79.9 0.1 78 2 2.6 4
Tanzania DHS 2010 Sub-Saharan Africa 15 94.9 79.9 97.7 82.7 50.2 35.2 .5 51.4
Togo MICS 2010 Sub-Saharan Africa 72 95.1 23.1 86.7 14.7 74.9 2.9   38
Uganda DHS 2011 Sub-Saharan Africa 25 92.1 67.1 94.3 69.3 59.1 34.1 13.1 17
Yemen DHS 2013 Middle East and North Africa   66.9   60.9   31   48.3 39
Zimbabwe 2010–2011 DHS Sub-Saharan Africa   86.6   87.6   64.1   20.6 39.5
  1. *Delivery within the last 3 years
  2. **Mali, Senegal—the difference is negative
  3. +Eritrea, Korea DPR, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Syria, Tajikistan—the difference is negative
  4. ++Afghanistan, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Central African Republic, Comoros, Eritrea, Guinea-Bissau, Haiti, Korea DPR, Madagascar, Mali, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Syria, Tajikistan—the difference is negative