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Table 1 SURE nutrition-sensitive agriculture messages for care givers of healthy under-two children

From: The fidelity and dose of message delivery on infant and young child feeding practice and nutrition sensitive agriculture in Ethiopia: a qualitative study from the Sustainable Undernutrition Reduction in Ethiopia (SURE) programme

Selection and diversity of crops
 Provide nutritious foods for your family with poultry, small livestock, vegetable gardening
 Plant different crops to be harvested at different times of year
 Grow plants that live for more than 1 year, which is useful for food security
 Grow a variety of cereals whenever possible. Intercrop with legumes
 Grow diverse foods such as vegetables and fruits to eat and to sell
 Attend a farmer demonstration centre or talk to your agriculture extension agent for help with crop selection
 Use improved seed varieties
 Consider producing and eating nutritious foods in your area that are available but not commonly consumed, such as wild fruits
Land management
 Rotate crops among different fields
 Practice intercropping (rows of legumes and/or vegetables with main staples)
 Practice agroforestry (planting trees or shrubs to reduce erosion) in or around planting fields
 Practice conservation farming and minimum tillage methods to reduce soil erosion, such as terracing
 Use drainage methods to prevent excessive soil water logging or run off
 Plough manure from livestock back into the soil to fertilise it
Water management
 Keep animals away from water sources
 Use improved latrines, do not practice open defecation
 Filter or use settling ponds to improve water quality
 Harvest water during the rainy season
Livestock
 Raise poultry, goats or sheep, or larger animals, especially high yielding or improved varieties
 Use confined/caged poultry production systems
 Attend livestock demonstrations to learn how to care for livestock and keep them healthy
 Keep livestock out of the house to avoid infectious disease
 Keep eggs and milk for consumption, especially by children
Income from agriculture
 Fathers and mothers allocate some money to buy nutritious foods at the market
 Fathers and mothers save money to use for nutrition or for your child’s treatment when sick
 Mothers participate in agriculture or livestock to generate income for the family
 Fathers empower mothers to budget money for the health and nutrition of the family
Shared role of fathers and mothers on their family nutrition
 Fathers help your wife with household tasks, so she can ensure your child’s good diet
 Fathers and mothers play with your child to promote healthy growth of mind and body
 Fathers and mothers work together with respect and partnership to help your children grow well
Food handling, processing and storage
 Use safe food preparation and storage behaviours
 Use good pre- and post-harvest storage and handling practices
 Use proper storage for vegetables and diffused light storage for seeds and potatoes