Skip to main content

Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics by nutritional status of the study children and measures of association, Kurigram, Bangladesh, Feb–May 2014

From: Risk factors of acute malnutrition among children aged 6–59 months enrolled in a community-based programme in Kurigram, Bangladesh: a mixed-method matched case-control study

CharacteristicsChildren with acute malnutritiona
(n = 52)
Children without acute malnutrition
(n = 95)
Odds ratio*
(95% CI, p value )
Sex of the child
 Female, n (%)25 (48.1 %)48 (50.5 %)0.92 (0.50,1.71; 0.793)
Age of the child
 < 24 months, n (%)34 (65.4 %)64 (67.4 %)1.69 (0.13, 21.13; 0.685)
Weight-for-age
z-score (mean ± SD)
− 2.9 ± 1.0− 1.5 ± 0.90.12 (0.04, 0.30; < 0.001)
Height-for-age z-score
(mean ± SD)
− 1.7 ± 1.8− 1.6 ± 1.30.95 (0.75, 1.20; 0.665)
Birth order
 First child, n (%)8 (15.4 %)39 (41.0 %)0.24 (0.10, 0.60; 0.002)
Mother’s age at marriage
(in years, mean ± SD)
14.9 ± 2.215.0 ± 2.30.98 (0.83, 1.16; 0.835)
Mother’s age
(in years, mean ± SD)
26.6 ± 7.123.9 ± 5.21.09 (1.02,1.16;0.010)
Mother’s BMI
(mean ± SD)
19.1 ± 3.019.9 ± 2.70.90 (0.79, 1.02; 0.094)
Mother’s education
Illiterate, n (%)17 (32.7 %)25 (26.3 %)1.34 (0.67, 2.70; 0.401)
Father’s current age
(in years, mean ± SD)
34.4 ± 8.930.8 ± 6.21.08 (1.02, 1.14; 0.004)
Father’s education
 Illiterate, n (%)27 (51.9%)38 (40.0 %)1.64 (0.79, 3.43; 0.182)
Family income
(Taka, mean ± SD)
5888.5 ± 2468.66257.9 ± 2681.61.00 (1.00, 1.00; 0.477)
Total family member
(mean ± SD)
6.1 ± 2.45.2 ± 2.01.27 (1.06, 1.53; 0.011)
  1. aAcute malnutrition was defined by weight-for-height z-score < − 2SD and/or mid upper arm circumference < 125 mm
  2. *p value and odds ratio were estimated using conditional logistic regression taking age group and sex matching into consideration