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Table 2 Food taboo, food security, immunization, illness and care seeking, access to water and sanitation of household by nutritional status of the study child and measures of association, Kurigram, Bangladesh, Feb–May 2014

From: Risk factors of acute malnutrition among children aged 6–59 months enrolled in a community-based programme in Kurigram, Bangladesh: a mixed-method matched case-control study

CharacteristicsChildren with acute malnutritiona
52, n (%)
Children without acute malnutrition
95, n (%)
Odds ratio*
(95% CI, p value )
Food taboo
 Yes33 (63.5%)72 (75.8 %)2.02 (0.88, 4.65; 0.097)
Household hunger scale
 Moderate or serve hunger39 (75.0 %)78 (82.1 %)1.60 (0.64, 4.01; 0.312)
Food consumption score
 Food secure27 (51.9 %)52 (54.7 %)1.11 (0.56, 2.20; 0.770)
Household food insecurity access scale
 Food secure10 (19.6 %)34 (36.2 %)2.57 (1.09, 6.07; 0.031)
Received vitamin A
 Yes45 (86.2 %)84 (88.4 %)0.83 (0.25, 2.73; 0.761)
Illness in the last 2 weeks
 Yes40 (76.9 %52 (54.7 %)2.98 (1.30, 6.78; 0.009)
Health service provider
 Formal10 (25.0%)7 (14.3 %)1.58 (0.42, 5.99; 0.500)
Household water source
 Tube-well with platform12 (23.1 %)23 (24.2 %)0.97 (0.41, 2.29; 0.942)
Purify drinking water
 Yes3 (5.8 %)2 (2.1 %)0.21 (0.02, 2.17; 0.193)
Household toilet facility
 Hygienic latrine10 (19.2%)32 (33.7 %)0.34 (0.12, 0.95; 0.039)
  1. aAcute malnutrition is defined by weight-for-height z-score < − 2SD and/or mid upper arm circumference < 125 mm
  2. *p value and odds ratio were estimated using conditional logistic regression taking age group and sex matching into consideration