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Table 1 Variables, their measurements, and hypotheses

From: Determinants of health seeking behavior for chronic non-communicable diseases and related out-of-pocket expenditure: results from a cross-sectional survey in northern Bangladesh

Variables and their measurementHypothesized direction of explanatory variables’ influence on primary outcome1
No/self-care vs. qualified careSemi-qualified care vs. qualified care
Primary outcome variable: type of health seeking
1 = No care/self-careNANA
2 = Semi-qualified professional care
3 = Qualified professional care
Secondary outcome variable: total out-of-pocket expenditure incurred to seek CNCD care in prior 30 days (Continuous variable)
Explanatory variables
Individual characteristics  
 Age: Continuous variable+/-+/-
 Duration of illness (months): Continuous variable--
 Sex:
  0 = Male
  1 = Female
+/-+/-
 Education:
  0 = No schooling
  1 = Primary level and above
--
 Marital status:
  0 = Currently not married
  1 = Currently married
+/-+/-
 Occupational status:
  0 = Non-income generating
  1 = Income generating
--
 Being household head:
  0 = No
  1 = Yes
--
 Comorbidity:
  0 = No comorbidity
  1 = Comorbidity
--
 Category of CNCDs:
  0 = Minor CNCDs, 1 = Major CNCDs
--
Household characteristics  
  Household size (no. of members): continuous variable++
Socio-economic status/ asset quintiles
 1 = 1st quintile (poorest)
 2 = 2nd quintile
 3 = 3rd quintile
 4 = 4th quintile
 5 = 5th quintile (least poor)
--
Proportion of household members with CNCD: continuous variable++
MFI involvement of household head and/or spouse:
 0 = Not involved with MFI
 1 = Involved with MFI
--
Presence of acute illness in the household:
0 = No, 1 = Yes
++
Contextual characteristics  
 Distance between household and sub-district’s public health care facility (Upazilla Health Complex/Medical college hospital): continuous variable++
 Rural or urban residence:
0 = Rural, 1 = Urban
--
 Sub-district of residence :
  1 = Rangpur Sadar
  2 = Mithapukur
  3 = Badarganj
  4 = Pirganj
  5 = Pirgacha
+/-+/-
  1. CNCD, chronic non-communicable diseases; MFI, Micro-Finance Institute
  2. 1Direction of influence: positive association (+), negative association (-), not sure of direction of association (+/-)