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Table 2 Socio-demographic and CNCD-related characteristics of entire sample and CNCD respondents

From: Determinants of health seeking behavior for chronic non-communicable diseases and related out-of-pocket expenditure: results from a cross-sectional survey in northern Bangladesh

VariableEntire sampleCNCD sample1
 N = 6958N = 866
 Continuous variablesMeanSDMeanSD
  Age (years)35.9915.2143.8316.14
  Distance to the referral public health facility of the sub-district (km)5.543.824.913.63
  Household size (number of members)4.641.784.321.71
  Duration of illness (months)NANA43.7760.76
  Proportion of household members with CNCDNANA0.410.24
 Categorical variablesN%N%
  Sex:    
    Male351850.5640146.3
    Female344049.4446553.7
  Education:    
    No schooling275139.5543550.23
    Primary level education and above420560.4543149.77
  Marital status:    
    Currently not married127618.34758.66
    Currently married568281.6679191.34
  Occupational status:    
    Non-income generating374953.8848656.12
    Income generating320946.1238043.88
  Presence of acute illness patient in household:    
    No247135.5120423.56
    Yes448764.4966276.44
 Category of CNCDs:    
  Minor CNCDsNANA55564.09
  Major CNCDsNANA31135.91
 Asset Quintile/socio-economic status:    
  1st quintile (poorest)109515.7415517.9
  2nd quintile125618.0516318.82
  3rd quintile135119.4215017.32
  4th quintile147921.2618321.13
  5th quintile (least poor)177725.5421524.83
 Being household head:    
  No446664.1949256.81
  Yes249235.8137443.19
 Microfinance involvement of household head and/or spouse:    
  Not involved396256.9441047.34
  Involved299643.0645652.66
 Rural or urban residence:    
  Rural337248.4636442.03
  Urban358651.5450257.97
 Sub-district of residence:    
  Rangpur Sadar134119.27839.58
  Mithapukur139420.0347354.62
  Badarganj147321.17495.66
  Pirganj129818.6510912.59
  Pirgacha145220.8715217.55
  1. CNCDs, chronic non-communicable diseases; NA, not applicable; SD, standard deviation; km, kilometer
  2. 1Respondents reported to have at least one chronic non-communicable disease