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Table 2 General characteristics of subjects according to the presence of depression

From: Low fruit and vegetable intake is associated with depression among Korean adults in data from the 2014 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

 Non-depression (n = 4050)Depression (n = 299)P value2
n%1n%
Total405093.52996.5-
Sex     
 Male167450.37031.5< 0.0001
 Female237649.722968.5 
Age     
 19–29 years42318.54023.00.0059
 30–49 years138840.57731.4 
 50–64 years113525.67723.0 
 65–74 years72210.36314.4 
 75 years or older3825.2428.1 
 Average age (mean, SE)46.10.546.91.30.50303
Marital status     
 Married349477.924673.20.1466
 Single55622.15326.8 
Education level     
 Less than high school graduation133722.514333.50.0006
 High school graduation109828.16826.1 
 College or higher161249.38840.4 
Area     
 City326184.124087.40.1650
 Rural area78915.95912.6 
Occupation     
 Employed236463.811444.2<0.0001
 Unemployed168436.218555.8 
Household income level     
 Low72612.612634.1< 0.0001
 Middle-low101625.17225.1 
 Middle-high118631.45117.3 
 High111130.94923.5 
Family size (mean, SE)3.20.042.80.10.00013
Smoking status     
 Current smoker70722.85927.50.0115
 Ex-smoker78419.84011.6 
 Non-smoker251757.419660.9 
Drinking status     
 < 1/month192742.017050.30.0097
 1–4/month124835.07229.6 
 2–3/week56216.33010.7 
4/week2756.7259.5 
Stress status     
 Feel it very much972.68532.3< 0.0001
 Feel somewhat69819.212744.0 
 Feel a little239661.46619.0 
 Rarely81716.8174.7 
Sleeping hours (mean, SE)6.80.026.40.10.0073
Exercise     
 < 1/week191045.616751.10.1695
 1–2/week59915.63514.4 
 3–4/week59415.12910.2 
5/week94723.86824.3 
Obese status     
 Underweight (BMI < 18.5 kg/m2)1614.2268.90.0147
 Normal (18.5 kg/m2 ≤ BMI < 23 kg/m2)166041.812340.5 
 Overweight (23 kg/m2 ≤ BMI < 25 kg/m2)95422.56018.6 
 Obese (BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2)127531.59032.0 
BMI (mean, SE)23.70.123.50.30.68323
Daily meals (skipped)     
 Breakfast74723.66429.00.0687
 Lunch3178.93914.80.0080
 Dinner2486.3228.50.2240
Food security     
 Food secure208552.010234.9< 0.0001
 Mildly insecure180044.414349.4 
 Moderately insecure1243.03410.8 
 Severely insecure320.6175.0 
Frequency of eating-out per week (mean, SE)4.30.13.30.30.00103
  1. 1Weighted %
  2. 2P value by chi-squared test
  3. 3P value by t test