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Table 4 Odds ratio for the presence of depression by fruit and vegetable intake

From: Low fruit and vegetable intake is associated with depression among Korean adults in data from the 2014 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

 Q1 (n = 1087)Q2 (n = 1087)Q3 (n = 1088)Q4 (n = 1087)Total (n = 4349)
n%1n%n%n%n%
Presence of depression
 Non-depression98591.3101794.6101593.1103395.3405093.5
 Depression1028.7705.4737.0544.72996.5
Fruit and vegetable intake2 (g/day)
 Mean, SE83.21.8246.71.8443.62.4924.514.5409.08.0
 Median, SE86.33.1245.52.4437.93.5797.112.0320.46.8
 Intake range 160.3160.5–332.8332.9–581.5 582.80–3410.6
 ReferenceOdds ratio (95 % confidence interval)p for trend3
Model 110.600 (0.419–0.859)0.775 (0.544–1.104)0.510 (0.353–0.736)0.0035
Model 210.577 (0.405–0.822)0.715 (0.513–0.994)0.445 (0.309–0.641)0.0002
Model 310.661 (0.437–0.999)0.827 (0.538–1.270)0.502 (0.340–0.742)0.0030
Model 410.688 (0.450–1.052)0.945 (0.612–1.461)0.575 (0.385–0.859)0.0284
Model 510.690 (0.441–1.078)1.114 (0.720–1.725)0.660 (0.438–0.993)0.1564
  1. 1Weighted %
  2. 2Only intake of fresh fruit and non-starchy unsalted vegetables
  3. 3p for trend was obtained using the surveylogistic procedure in SAS.
  4. Model 1: Crude
  5. Model 2: Adjusted for sex, age, and energy intake
  6. Model 3: Adjusted for Model 2 + obesity, smoking status, drinking status, stress status
  7. Model 4: Adjusted for Model 3 + average frequency of eating-out per week, breakfast, and food security
  8. Model 5: Adjusted for Model 4 + household income level, area, and marital status