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Table 2 Associations of child dietary diversity scores and food insecurity condition with socio-demographic features of the respondents in north-central Ethiopia May 2018

From: Child dietary diversity and food (in)security as a potential correlate of child anthropometric indices in the context of urban food system in the cases of north-central Ethiopia

Variables Child dietary diversity score (CDDS) Food security status
Poor (0–3) Medium (4–5) Good (6–7) p value Food secure Food insecure p value
Sex of household head Male 23 (6.48) 112 (31.54) 220 (61.97) 0.0001 273 (77.12) 81 (22.9) 0.0001
Female 33 (22) 62 (41.33) 55 (36.67) 64 (42.67) 86 (57.33)
Food security situation Food secure 10 (3%) 93 (27.6%) 234 (69.4%) 0.0001    
Food insecure 46 (27.5%) 81 (48.5%) 40 (24%)   
Sex of child Male 20 (8.9%) 69 (30.8%) 136 (61.3%) 0.253 164 (74.2%) 58 (25.8%) 0.002
Female 36 (12.9%) 105 (37.6%) 139 (50.5%) 170 (60.9%) 109 (39.1%)
Mothers’ education Formal 37 (7.5%) 150 (34.2%) 256 (58.3%) 0.0001 255 (78%) 72 (22%) 0.0001
Informal 4 (14.3%) 15 (53.6%) 9 (32.1%) 9 (60%) 6 (40%)
Non-educated 19 (50%) 9 (23.7%) 10 (26.3%) 9 (75%) 3 (25%)
Marital status Divorced 9 (31%) 10 (34.5%) 10 (34.5%) 0.0001 2 (20%) 8 (80%) 0.0001
Married 40 (8.7%) 158 (34.4%) 261 (56.9%) 320 (69.9%) 138 (30.1%)
Unmarried 2 (28.6%) 3 (42.9%) 2 (28.6%) 5 (71.4%) 2 (28.6%)
Widowed 5 (50%) 3 (30%) 2 (20%) 10 (34.5%) 19 (65.5%)
Wealth index Poor 9 (5.2%) 57 (33.1%) 106 (61.6%) 0.0001 73 (36.3%) 128 (63.6%) 0.0001
Medium 3 (1.6%) 51 (26.8%) 136 (71.6%) 85 (79.4%) 22 (20.6%)
Rich 44 (31.2%) 66 (46.8%) 31 (22%)   177 (91.2%) 17 (8.8%)
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