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Table 1 Overview of nutrition intervention policies during the MDGs

From: Improving maternal and child nutrition in China: an analysis of nutrition policies and programs initiated during the 2000–2015 Millennium Development Goals era and implications for achieving the Sustainable Development Goals

Nutrition intervention policies Issued department Implemental duration (year) Target population Nutrition-related contents of the policy
Outline for the development of Chinese children [16, 17] State Council 2001–2010 Children Set five specific goals for child nutrition improvement:
By 2010,
• Moderate and severe malnutrition rates of children under 5 years: fell by 1/4 on the basis of 2000
• Low birth weight: less than 5%
• Prevalence of infant parents’ knowledge of scientific feeding: more than 85%
• Infants’ breastfeeding rate reaches 85% in provincial units, add supplementary foods timely and reasonably
• Reduce child vitamin A deficiency
2011–2020 Children Set four goals specific goals for child nutrition improvement:
By 2020,
• Low birth weight: less than 4%
• Exclusive breastfeeding in the first 6 months: at least 50%
• Anemia of children under 5 years: less than 12%
• Stunting and underweight of children under 5 years: less than 7% and 5% respectively
Outline for the development of Chinese woman [18] State Council 2011–2020 Woman Set one goal for woman nutrition improvement:
• Reduce the prevalence of moderate and severe anemia in pregnant women
Outline for the development of food and nutrition in China [19, 20] State Council 2001–2010 Chinese residents Give priority to the development of
• Three key food industries (dairy industry, soybean industry, and food processing industry)
• Two key areas (rural and western areas)
• Three key groups (adolescents, women and children, the elderly)
Set three goals for improvement on maternal and child nutrition:
By 2010,
• Stunting and underweight of children under 5 years: less than 15% and 5% respectively
• Anemia of pregnant woman and children under 5 years: less than 20% and 15% respectively
• Promote the breastfeeding of infants within 4 months, and gradually supplement various supplementary foods for infants over 4 months old
2014–2020 Chinese residents Give priority to the development of
• Three key products (high quality agricultural products, convenient nutrient processed foods, dairy and soy foods)
• Three key areas (poor areas, rural areas, floating population gathering, and new urbanization areas)
• Three key groups (maternal and infants, children and adolescents, the elderly)
Set four goals for improvement on maternal and child nutrition:
By 2020,
• The stunting of children under 5 years: less than 7%
• Anemia rate of the whole population: less than 10%
• Anemia of pregnant and lactating woman, and children under 5 years: less than 17% and 12% respectively
• Reduce the growth rate of overweight, obesity, and dyslipidemia of Chinese residents
Infant feeding strategy [21] MoH 2007~ Infants • Protect, promote, and support breastfeeding and increase the rate of exclusive breastfeeding in first 6 months
• Add supplementary foods timely and reasonably
• Increase breastfeeding rate of infants within 6 months
• Prohibit selling formulate milk in hospitals
• Strengthen public education on breastfeeding
• Strengthen the standardized management of baby-friendly hospitals
• Guide the rational addition of supplementary foods for infants over 6 months
• Strengthen supervision of infant supplementary foods
• Prevent child micronutrient deficiencies
Technical specification and guidance on child feeding and nutrition [22] MoH 2012~ Children under 7 and their parents Provide guidance for parents on breastfeeding, food conversion, reasonable diet, and dietary behavior.
Plan of the national medium- and long-term education reform and development (2010–2020) [23] MoE 2010–2020 Chinese students (mainly) Improve the nutritional status of students, in particular, launch the implementation of the nutritional improvement plan for rural primary and middle school students in minority and poverty-stricken areas.
  1. MoE Ministry of Education, MoH Ministry of Health