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Table 2 Differences between measured and predicted body fat percentages using Caucasian prediction equations among Ethiopian Adult employs of Jimma University

From: Ethnic Specific body fat percent prediction equation as surrogate marker of obesity in Ethiopian adults

Variables n Measured body fat % − predicted body fat % using Caucasian prediction equationa
Measured, body fat% Caucasian equation, predicted body fat % Difference P*
Sex
 Male 307 23.86 18.7764 7.2153 < 0.0001
 Female 397 38.47 33.3513 6.4478 < 0.0001
 Total 704 32.10 26.99550 6.7825 < 0.0001
Ethnicity
 Oromo 255 29.02 23.9985 6.8420 < 0.0001
 Amhara 213 36.56 30.1531 7.9221 < 0.0001
 Gurage 38 35.05 28.1747 8.5323 < 0.0001
 Kefa 50 33.96 29.7953 5.7637 < 0.0001
 Dawero 57 31.49 28.1145 5.0774 < 0.0001
 Yem 43 29.12 26.5283 4.3102 < 0.0001
 Othersb 48 27.77 24.1443 5.3252 < 0.0001
 Total 704 32.10 26.9955 6.7825 < 0.0001
Age group
 20–30 269 25.55 21.43 5.7647 < 0.0001
 31–40 250 35.71 29.62 7.5860 < 0.0001
 ≥ 41 185 36.75 31.54 7.1767 < 0.0001
 Total 704 32.10 27.00 6.7825 < 0.0001
  1. aCaucasian prediction equation: body fat percent (BF %) = (1.294 × BMI) + (0.0.20 × Age) − (11.4 × Gender) − 8.0, where sex (male = 1, female = 0) [5]
  2. *Paired t test
  3. bOthers = Sidama, Wolaita, and Tigre