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Table 2 Relationship between characteristics of patients and self-efficacy score

From: Factors associated with self-efficacy in patients with hypertension: a cross-sectional study from Palestine

Variable Median [Q1–3] P valuea
Gender
 Male 42.0 [36.0–48.0] 0.319c
 Female 41.0 [32.0–48.0]
Age (year)
 Less than 65 42.0 [36.0–48.0] 0.019c
 65 or more 36.0 [27.5–51.0]
Residency
 City 42.0 [36.0–50.0] <0.001c
 Village or refugee camp 36.0 [30.0–46.0]
Employment
 Employed 42.0 [38.0–50.25] <0.001c
 Unemployed 39.0 [31.0–38.0]
BMI
 Normal weight 48.0 [41.0–54.0] <0.001c
 Overweight or obese 41.0 [33.0–48.0]
Marital status
 Married 42.0 [35.25–48.0] 0.104c
 Unmarried 39.0 [29.5–52.5]
Monthly income (NIS)b
 Low (less than 2000) 39.0 [30.0–48.0] 0.056c
 Moderate to high income (≥2000) 42.0 [36.0–48.0]
Education level
 Below university education level 39.0 [32.0–47.5] <0.001c
 University education level 43.0 [38.0–52.0]
Hypertension duration
 Less than 1 year 42.0 [31.5–51.0] 0.897d
 1–3 years 42.0 [35.25–50.0]
 4–5 years 42.0 [36.0–51.5]
 5 years or more 42.0 [33.5–48.0]
Therapy type
 Monotherapy 42.0 [34.25–49.0] 0.102c
 Multi-therapy 41.0 [32.0–48.0]
Total number of chronic diseases
 1 or less 42.0 [34.0–48.0] 0.095d
 2 42.0 [33.0–48.0]
 3 or more 23.0 [23.0–40.5]
Total number of medications
 Less than 4 42.0 [33.0–49.0] 0.594c
 4 or more 41.0 [35.0–47.0]
  1. Self-Efficacy for Managing Chronic Disease 6-Item Scale (SES6C) is range between 6 and 60, in which the higher the score, the higher the perceived self-efficacy for managing chronic diseases
  2. NIS New Israeli Shekel; Q1–Q2, lower quartile and the upper quartile
  3. aP values are bold where they are less than the significance level of 0.05
  4. b1 Israeli New Shekel equals 0.29 US dollar
  5. cStatistical significance of the differences determined by the Mann-Whitney U test
  6. dStatistical significance of the differences determined by the Kruskal-Wallis test